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Later Mughals

11-SEP-2014 17:54

    Aurangzeb was the last illustrious king of Mughal empire. The Mughal emperors who succedded him were known as later Mughals. Their list is given below.

    Bahadur Shah I (1707 AD-1712 AD)

    Aurangzeb died in 1707 AD and he was succeeded by his son prince Muazzam who sat on the throne with the title, Bahadur Shah I. He tried to reverse the orthodox policies of his father, Aurangzeb. He also tried to have friendly relations with Sikhs and Marthas. He died in 1712.

    Jahandar Shah (1712-1713)

    Bahadur Shah was succeeded by his son Jahandar Shah. He married a dancing girl who became his queen. He was attacked and killed by his nephew and son-in-law Farrukhsiyar.

    Farrukhsiyar (1713-1719)

    He became the king of Mughal kingdom with the help of Sayyid brothers, the two Mughal Vazirs named Syed Abdullah Khan Barha and Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha.

    Farrukhsiyar behaved like a mere puppet in the hands of Sayyid brothers and when he resisted their control on him, he was deposed and executed by the latter.

    Rafi ud-Darajat (1719 AD)

    He sat on the throne with the help of Sayyid brothers in 1719 AD but could rule only for four months and died of some unknown disease.

    Muhammad Shah Rangile (1719-1748)

    After Rafi ud- Darajat, Muhammad Shah Rangile sat on the Mughal throne. During his rule, Nadir Shah attacked and plundered Delhi. He also took the Peacock Throne with himself.

    As a consequence of Nadir Shah’s attack, Mughal empire disintegrated fast and independent kingdoms of Bengal, Awadh, Hyderabad broke away from the empire.

    After Muhammad Shah, Ahmad Shah Bahadur(1748-1754), Alamgir II(1754-1759), Shah Alam-II(1759-1806), Akbar II(1806-1837) and Bahdur Shah-II(1837-1858) ascended the Mughal throne who were just nominal rulers of Mughal empire.

     

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