List of cyclones that hit India in 2021-2022

List of cyclones that hit India in 2020-2021: Check the list of intense cyclones that have hit the Indian states in the year 2021-2022.
List of cyclones in India
List of cyclones in India

The IMD has forecasted a cyclone over the Andaman islands today. The depression over the Bay of Bengal is expected to turn into a cyclone over Andaman and Nicobar islands by the late evening of 21st March 2022. The storm would cause heavy rains and storms in the archipelago as soon as it hits it. The schools of the area have been shut and the citizens have been warned. 

The IMD informed that "depression over the north Andaman Sea and adjoining southeast BoB, about 110 km ENE of Port Blair, 320 km NNE of Car Nicobar. To intensify further into a cyclonic storm in next 12 hrs. To move nearly northwards along & off Andaman towards Myanmar coast in next 48 hrs."

As per a report by IPCC, flash floods, sizzling temperatures, droughts and intense cyclones are likely to occur in India due to climate change and will continue to devastate regions in South Asia unless drastic measures are taken to curb carbon emissions.

The UN body further warned that the world is running out of time to prevent the worst of the climate crisis. 

IPCC Climate Change Report 2021: All you need to know

Amid the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, India witnessed three cyclones, Gulab, Tauktae and Yaas, leaving behind a trail of destruction across several Indian states. The year 2020 marked the first pre-monsoon cyclone in a century-- Cyclone Amphan. Another Cyclone, Nisarga, hit the financial capital of India and was the second pre-monsoon cyclone after Amphan. As per IMD, India could witness many other pre-monsoon cyclones in the coming years.

In 2019, the North Indian Ocean cyclone season was the most active cyclone season ever recorded in Northern India. Below is the list of cyclones that hit the Indian states in 2020-2021. 

1. Cyclone Jawad

After three cyclonic storms in 2021, another cyclone is expected to hit the Indian states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. The Met Department has issued a warning that the deep depression over the Bay of Bengal is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm during the next 12 hours. Ahead of Cyclone Jawad, Prime Minister Modi reviewed the preparedness of the situation arising out of the cyclonic storm and various authorities are on standby.  The state governments have also chalked out the disaster management strategy and as many as 95 trains have been cancelled that were either passing over or originating from East Coast Railway. 

Read more on Cyclone Jawad here: Cyclone Jawad: All about the upcoming cyclone in India 2021

2. Cyclone Gulaab

Months after Cyclone Yaas left behind a trail of destruction across several states of India, Cyclone Gulaab hit the country. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued warnings for north Andhra Pradesh and adjoining Odisha coasts on September 25. 

 As per the latest update by IMD, Cyclone Gulaab went into a deep depression over the south and adjoining north Andhra Pradesh, lay centred at 5:30 a.m. on 27 September 2021, and is likely to move westwards and further weaken into a depression over the next 12 hours. 

3. Cyclone Tauktae

It was the first cyclonic storm of 2021 that emerged from the Arabian Sea. It hit southern Gujarat on 17 May 2021 and was classified as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (VSCS). As many as 24 people were killed across three Indian states. Twelve people died in Maharashtra, eight in Karnataka, and four people in Gujarat.

As per India Meteorological Department, Cyclone Tauktae weakened into a cyclonic storm and lay centred at 11:30 a.m. over Saurashtra, about 165 km southwest of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The cyclone Tauktae weakened gradually into a deep depression over South Rajasthan and the adjoining Gujarat region at 5:30 a.m. on 19 May 2021. It lay centred at 8:30 a.m. on 19 May 2021. 

4. Cyclone Yaas

The cyclonic storm, Cyclone Yaas, formed in the Bay of Bengal and hit West Bengal and adjoining Odisha coasts in May 2021. The name of the cyclone is given by Oman. 

Ahead of the impending Cyclone Yaas, Prime Minister Modi reviewed the preparedness of the state as well as central agencies to deal with the situation. He further called for a timely evacuation of those involved in offshore activities.

Minister of Home Affairs Amit Shah will also chair a meeting virtual meeting with the Chief Ministers of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and the LG of Andaman and Nicobar Islands to review the preparedness ahead of Cyclone Yaas. 

5. Cyclone Nisarga

Cyclone Nisarga was the second pre-monsoon cyclone that emerged from the Arabian Sea. It hit Alibag in Mumbai and weakened in 6 hours. It was the first cyclone to impact Mumbai since Phyan of 2009. The cyclone caused 6 deaths and 16 injuries in Maharashtra.

Cyclone Nisarga: All you need to know about the pre-monsoon cyclone that emerged from the Arabian Sea

6. Cyclone Amphan

Cyclone Amphan was a  powerful tropical cyclone that led to the destruction of lives and property in the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. Cyclone Amphan was the first pre-monsoon super cyclone of this century that emerged from the Bay of Bengal. 

What is Cyclone Amphan and how it got its name: All you need to know

7. Cyclone Kyarr 

Cyclone Kyarr was the second strongest tropical cyclone since cyclone Gonu in 2007. Cyclone Kyarr developed in the Arabian Sea and moved towards the Gulf of Aden from the Indian coast. It hit Western India, Oman, UAE, Socotra and Somalia. 

8. Cyclone Maha

Cyclone Maha was an extremely severe cyclonic storm that became very intense while moving parallel to the Indian coast. The cyclone weakened when it approached Gujarat. Cyclone Maha made landfall near Gujarat as a depression that weakened afterwards. 

9. Cyclone Vayu

Cyclone Vayu emerged from the Arabian Sea and was a very severe cyclonic storm that caused moderate damage to lives and property in the state of Gujarat. Cyclone Vayu was the strongest cyclone that hit the state since the 1998 Gujarat Cyclone. Along with India, cyclone Vayu also affected Maldives, Pakistan and Oman.  

10. Cyclon Hikka

Cyclone Hikka emerged from the Arabian Sea and turned intense and hit Oman. In 2019, 4 cyclones emerged from the Arabian Sea-- Kyarr, Maha, Vayu and Hikka. 

11. Cyclone Fani

Cyclone Fani was the strongest tropical storm that hit Odisha since the 1998 Odisha Cyclone. Cyclone Fani emerged from the Indian Ocean and caused huge destruction of lives and property in Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and East India. Outside India, it hit Bangladesh, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. 

What is Cyclone Fani and how Fani got its name?

12. BOB 03

A depression was formed in the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Meteorological Department named it BOB 03. The very next day after the identification, the BOB 03 hit the north Odisha-West Bengal coastline and caused huge destruction of lives and property. 

13. Cyclone Bulbul

Cyclone Bulbul was a very severe cyclonic storm that hit West Bengal in India. It caused huge rainfall, floods, etc. that resulted in the destruction of lives and property. Outside India, it hit Bangladesh. 

About Cyclone

Derivation: The term 'Cyclone' is derived from the Greek word 'Cyclos' that means 'Coils of Snake'. 

Definition: A cyclone is an intense whirl in the atmosphere with very strong winds circulating around it in an anti-clockwise and clockwise direction in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere respectively.

Classification: The cyclones are classified on the basis of the following: 

1. Low-Pressure Area: Less than 17 knots ( < 31 kmph)

2. Depression: 17 to 27 knots ( 31 to 49 kmph)

3. Deep Depression: 28 to 33 knots ( 50 to 61 kmph)

4. Cyclonic Storm: 34 to 47 knots ( 62 to 88 kmph)

5. Severe Cyclonic Storm: 48 to 63 knots ( 89 to 118 kmph)

6. Very Severe Cyclonic Storm: 64 to 119 knots ( 119 to 221 kmph)

7. Super Cyclonic Storm: 120 knots and above ( 222 kmph and above)

What is an Ex-Tropical Cyclone?

How are cyclones named in the world?

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