M. K. Stalin Biography: DMK Chief and son of former CM Karunanidhi sworn in as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Son of former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi, Tamil Nadu's first Deputy Chief Minister and the President of DMK, M. K. Stalin, took oath as the 8th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu after he pulled off a landslide victory in Tamil Nadu Assembly Election 2021. His swearing-in ceremony was held at Raj Bhavan, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. On 5 May 2021, Governor Banwarilal Purohit appointed DMK President M.K. Stalin as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
பதவி ஏற்பு நிகழ்ச்சி - நேரலை https://t.co/wbJ4fJURt6— M.K.Stalin (@mkstalin) May 7, 2021
M. K. Stalin: Birth, Education, and Personal Life
M. K. Stalin was born on 1 March 1953 in Madras (present-day Chennai) to former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and DMK Chief M. Karunanidhi and Dayalu Ammal.
He did his schooling at Madras Christian College Higher Secondary School and completed a pre-university course at Vivekananda College. In 1973, he received a B. A. degree in History from Presidency College, Chennai of the University of Madras. On 1 August 2009, he was conferred Honorary Doctorates by Anna University.
On 25 August 1975, Stalin married Durga and the couple gave birth to two children. His son Udhayanidhi Stalin is a politician who prominently works in the Kolkata film industry as an actor, and producer.
M. K. Stalin: Political Career
M. K. Stalin entered into politics in his early teens. He started DMK Gopalapuram Youth Wing in a tea shop with his friends. In the 1967 election, he campaigned for his uncle Murasoli Maran at the age of 14. In 1973, he was elected to the General Committee of DMK.
He rose to prominence after being jailed under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) for protesting against the Emergency imposed by former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1976. His fellow DMK prisoner C. Chittibabu died of injuries and police torture while protecting him.
After writing his final year B.A. examinations from prison, he formed the DMK youth wing. In 1982, he became the Secretary of the wing and held the position for more than four decades.
In the 1984 Assembly Election, he contested from Thousand Lights Assembly Constituency but lost to K.A. Krishnaswamy of AIADMK. In the 1989 Assembly Election, he contested again from the same Assembly Constituency but won this time. However, the DMK government was dismissed before completing its full five-year term in 1991. In the 1991 Assembly Election, he contested again from the same Assembly Constituency but lost to J. Jayalalithaa of AIADMK. In the 1996 Assembly Election, he contested again from the same Assembly constituency and won the election as an MLA.
In the 2011 Assembly Election, for the first time in his political career, he contested from Kolathur Assembly Constituency which is situated on the outskirts of Chennai city.
He served as the Mayor of Chennai in 1996 and improved Chennai's infrastructure with projects such as Singara Chennai (Beautiful Chennai). By now, he was popularly known as Managara Thanthai (Father of the city). In 2001, he was re-elected as Mayor of Chennai.
In 2002, the then Chief Minister Tamil Nadu J. Jayalalithaa enacted Tamil Nadu Municipal Laws (Amendment) Act, preventing a person from holding two elected posts in the government, a move widely seen to remove Stalin as Chennai's Mayor. However, the law was struck down by the Madras High Court. The court, however, held that under Madras (now Chennai) City Municipal Corporation Act, 1919, a person cannot be mayor for two consecutive terms, though, unlike Stalin, earlier mayors were not directly elected. Stalin did not go to the Apex Court against the law. In 2003, he became the Deputy General Secretary of DMK.
First Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
In the 2006 Assembly Election, DMK won in the state and Stalin served as the Minister for Rural Development and Local Administration in the Government of Tamil Nadu. During his tenure, he helped self-help groups in the state. In 2008, he became the treasurer of DMK.
ON 29 May 2009, Tamil Nadu Governor Surjit Singh Barnala nominated M. K. Stalin as the Deputy CM of the state. On 3 January 2013, M. Karunanidhi named Stalin as his heir apparent, thereby ending confusion about who would take over the party reins after his death.
In the 2016 Assembly Election, he won from the Kolathur constituency and was appointed as the Leader of Opposition. In 2018, his father M. Karunanidhi died.
In the 2019 General Election, he formed the Secular Progressive Alliance in Tamil Nadu under the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and led the alliance in the state. The alliance won 39 out of 40 Parliament seats, and 12 out of 21 in the Assembly by-election.
In the 2021 Tamil Nadu Assembly Election, DMK won 159 of 234 seats. The majority mark in the state is 118 seats. M. K. Stalin became the 8th Chief Minister of the state preceded by Edappadi K. Palaniswami.