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South America: Fact at a Glance

27-JAN-2016 17:49

    South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It is also considered as a subcontinent of the Americas, which is the model used in Spanish-speaking nations and most of South America. The continent contains the world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela; the largest river (by volume), the Amazon River; the longest mountain range, the Andes, and the driest place on earth, the Atacama Desert in Chile.

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    It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest. It includes twelve sovereign states – Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela – and two non-sovereign areas – French Guiana, an overseas department of France, and the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory (though disputed by Argentina). In addition to this, the ABC islands of the Netherlands and Trinidad and Tobago may also be considered part of South America.

    Instant Fact

    Largest Agglomeration

    Sao Paulo(incl. Guarulhos)

    Highest Capital City

    La Paz, Bolivia

    Longest Mountain Range

    Andes, 7000 km long, 500 km wide in some parts (widest between 18° to 200°  S latitude), and of an average  height of about 4000 m.  Illampu is another important mountain range.

    Major River

    Amazon River 6387 m. The Amazon has over 1000 tributaries in total. (Other important rivers are: Panama, Madeira Purus, Orinoco, San Francisco)

    Highest Waterfall

    Angel Falls, Venezuela

    Longest Waterfalls

    Iguazu Falls, a series of 275
    waterfalls covering 2.5 km

    Highest Navigable Lake

    Titicaca(Peru, Bolivia)

    Largest Rainforest

    Located within nine nations: Brazil (with 60% of the rainforest), Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Surinam and French Guiana

    Largest Desert Central America

    Chihuahua Mexico – south-western United States

    Largest Desert South America

    Patagonian, Argentina

    Longest Desert and Driest Place on Earth

    Atacama, 1000 km from Peru to North Chile

    Largest Urban Areas Central America and Caribbean

    Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico)
    (Incl. Netzahualcoyotl, Ecatepec, Naucalpan); Guadalajara (Mexico)(incl. Zapopan); Monterrey (Mexico); Santo Domingo de Guzman (Dominican Republic); San Juan (Puerto Rico); Puebla (Mexico); La Habana (Cuba); San Salvador (EI Salvador) ; Port-au-Prince (Haiti); Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala)

    Largest Urban Areas South America

    Sau Paulo (Brazil) (incl. Guarulhos); Buenos Aires (Argentina) (incl. San Justo. La Plata); Lima (Peru); Bogota (Santa Fe de) (Colombia) ; Santiago(Chile); Belo Horizonte (Brazil); Caracas (Venezuela); Porto Alegre (Brazil); Recife.(Brazil);

    Highest Point

    Argentina - Aconcagua

    Lowest Point

    Bahia Blanca, Argentina 42 m. below sea level; Peninsula Valdes - Argentina coastline -40 m
    below sea level.

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