'Analogy’ means a similarity or comparability between two things, where both the things are related to each other in a certain way. It is one of the important topics in Verbal Reasoning Segment appearing in most of the competitive exams like Banking, SSC, etc. In these types of questions, a series of numbers or alphabetical letters or combinations of both are given. The student is required to study the pattern and either to complete the given series with the suitable term or to find the wrong term in the series.
Let us now understand various types of Analogy Relationships:
In these types of questions, three words are given and two words are inter-related to each other in some way. The student is required to find out the relationship between the third and fourth word on the basis of the relationship of the first two words.
Example: Skin : Feel :: Eye : __? __
Answer: The sense of skin is feeling and that of eye is vision. Hence, option d) Vision is the correct answer.
In these types of questions, three numbers are given and two numbers are inter-related to each other in some way. The student is required to find out the relationship between the third and fourth number on the basis of the relationship of the first two numbers.
Example: 26 : 5 :: 65 : __?__
Answer: The relationship between the first two numbers can be identified as
Hence, option b) 8 is the correct answer.
In these types of questions, a student is required to find out the relationship between two given groups of alphabetical letters inter-related to each other in some way and then choose either a letter group or pair consisting of similarly related letter groups.
Example: BUCKET : ACTVBDJLDFSU :: BONUS : __?__
Answer: In this case each letter of first group gets replaced by two letters, where one letter comes before it and one comes after that particular letter in the second group.
B – AC; O – NP; N – MO; U – TV; S - RT
Hence, option c) ACNPMOTVRT is the correct answer.
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