World AIDS Day is observed on 1st December every year. Since 1988, this day is celebrated to make the people aware of the AIDS caused by HIV infection, and also remembering those who have died due to this disease. James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter had first celebrated the World AIDS Day in August 1987, as they were the officials for the Global Programme on AIDS at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Switzerland. On this day, government and health care professionals, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) across the globe, educate the world on AIDS cause, prevention, control and facts. WHO has marked the World AIDS Day as one of the eight official public health days. In 1995, the United States President has officially notified this day.
Since last three decades, AIDS has killed more than 36 million people throughout the world, and approximately 35.3 million people are carrying HIV, which is one of the most crucial public health issues. Even though there is an awareness to antiretroviral treatment globally, but still the AIDS epidemic takes about 2 million lives every year, including 270,000 children.
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)
The IAVI is an international non-profit, public-private partnership which operates to stimulate the development of vaccines for AIDS prevention and treatment. IAVI is involved into R&D of vaccine candidates, performs policy analyses, serves as a cardinal point for the HIV prevention field and interacts with communities for the trial process and educating for AIDS vaccination. This organization emphasizes the requirement for new AIDS prevention tools and techniques as a part of supporting the pre-existing HIV prevention and treatment programs. It also takes the responsibility to ensure the future and continuous supply of AIDS vaccines to the general public in this world.
Facts related to HIV-AIDS in India:
I. The estimation done by the government of India shows that the numbers of HIV patients in India are around 2.1 million with an adult prevalence of 0.31%.
II. The numbers of infected children below 15 years are 3.5% of all the patients while the majority of the patients which is 83% come from age group of 15 to 49 years.
III. Among the all HIV infections, women contribute 39% (930000).
IV. Around 55% patients are living in four states i.e. Andhra Pradesh 5 lac, Maharashtra 4.2 lac, Karnataka 2.5 lac, and Tamil Nadu accounts for1.5 lac.
V. Bengal, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have 1 lac patients each, which is around 22% of the total patients in India.
image source:unicef statistics
What are the main source of HIV-AIDS Transmission:
This is very popular fact that heterosexual sex is the biggest reason for HIV-AIDS infection which is followed by the other reasons like parents to child, use of infected syringe and needles. So unsafe sex should be avoided to save our precious life.
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In the present scenario, various laws and scientific advances have been made to protect people from HIV aids and to understand more about their condition. Despite this, many people are unaware about the facts about how to protect themselves from HIV and the stigma and discrimination still prevails.