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CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2018 - 2019

Apr 5, 2018 10:30 IST
    CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Physics
    CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Physics

    New CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Physics is available here. This syllabus is applicable for the academic session 2018 – 2019. This syllabus was recently released by the board itself. This syllabus contains important information about course structure, list of practicals, prescribed textbooks, the format of CBSE Class 11 Physics question paper etc.

    Important portion of CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2017 – 2018 is given below

    Name of the Units and their weightage

    Unit No.


    Unit - I

    Physical World and Measurement


    Chapter–1: Physical World

    Chapter–2: Units and Measurements

    Unit - II


    Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line

    Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane

    Unit - III

    Laws of Motion

    Chapter–5: Laws of Motion

    Unit - IV

    Work, Energy and Power


    Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power

    Unit - V

    Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

    Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion

    Unit - VI


    Chapter–8: Gravitation

    Unit - VII

    Properties of Bulk Matter


    Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

    Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

    Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter

    Unit - VIII


    Chapter–12: Thermodynamics

    Unit - IX

    Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases

    Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory

    Unit - X

    Mechanical waves and Ray Optics


    Chapter–14: Oscillations and Waves

    Chapter–15: Ray Optics



    Details of topics and sub-topics to be covered in each unit

    Unit I: Physical World and Measurement

    Chapter – 1: Physical World

    Physics - scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.

    Chapter – 2: Units and Measurements

    Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.

    Dimensions of physical quantities; dimensional analysis and its applications.

    Unit II: Kinematics

    Chapter – 3: Motion in a Straight Line

    Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.

    Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity - time and position - time graphs.

    Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

    Chapter – 4: Motion in a Plane

    Scalar and vector quantities; Position and displacement vectors; general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors; relative velocity; Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane - rectangular components. Scalar and Vector product of vectors.

    Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, uniform circular motion.

    Unit III: Laws of Motion

    Chapter–5: Laws of Motion

    Intuitive concept of force; Inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum and Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion.

    Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

    Equilibrium of concurrent forces; Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction; rolling friction; lubrication.

    Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

    Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power

    Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power

    Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy; work-energy theorem; power.

    Notion of potential energy; potential energy of a spring; conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

    Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

    Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion

    Centre of mass of a two-particle system; momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. 

    Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod.

    Moment of a force; torque; angular momentum; laws of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

    Equilibrium of rigid bodies; rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion; comparison of linear and rotational motions.

    Moment of inertia; radius of gyration; values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

    Unit VI: Gravitation

    Chapter–8: Gravitation

    Keplar's laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation.

    Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

    Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential; escape velocity; orbital velocity of a satellite; Geo-stationary satellites.

    Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

    Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

    Elastic behaviour; Stress-strain relationship; Hooke's law; Young's modulus; bulk modulus; shear modulus of rigidity; Poisson's ratio; elastic energy.

    Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

    Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes); effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

    Viscosity; Stokes' law; terminal velocity; streamline and turbulent flow; critical velocity; Bernoulli's theorem and its applications.

    Surface energy and surface tension; angle of contact; excess of pressure across a curved surface; application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

    Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter

    Heat; temperature; thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv - calorimetry; change of state - latent heat capacity.

    Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation; Wein's displacement Law, Stefan's law, Green house effect.

    Unit VIII: Thermodynamics

    Chapter–12: Thermodynamics

    Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics).Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.

    Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes; Heat engine and refrigerator.

    Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases

    Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory

    Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.

    Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro's number.

    Unit X: Mechanical waves and Ray Optics

    Chapter–14: Oscillations and waves

    Periodic motion -time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions. Simple  harmonic  motion (S.H.M)  and  its  equation;  phase;  oscillations  of  a  loaded  spring-restoring  force  and  force  constant;  energy  in  S.H.M. Kinetic  and  potential  energies;  simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

    Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of wave motion, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.

    Chapter–15: Ray Optics

    Ray  Optics: Reflection  of  light,  spherical  mirrors,  mirror  formula,  refraction  of  light,  totalinternal  reflection  and  its  applications,  optical  fibres,  refraction  at  spherical  surfaces,  lenses, thin  lens  formula,  lensmaker's  formula, magnification,  power  of  a  lens,  combination  of  thin lenses in contact, refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.

    Scattering of light -blue colour of sky and reddish apprearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.

    Optical  instruments: Microscopes  and  astronomical  telescopes  (reflecting  and  refracting)  and their magnifying powers.

    Practicals: Evaluation Scheme and List of experiments

    The record to be submitted by the students at the time of their annual examination has to include:

    • Record of at least 15 Experiments [with a minimum of 6 from each section], to be performed by the students.
    • Record of at [least 5 Activities with a minimum of 2 each from section A and section B], to be demonstrated by the teachers.
    • The Report of the project to be carried out by the students.                                                                           
    Time Allowed: 3 hours Max. Marks: 30

    Two experiments one from each section

    8 + 8 Marks

    Practical record [experiments and activities]

    6 Marks

    Investigatory Project

    3 Marks

    Viva on experiments, activities and projects

    5 Marks


    30 Marks

    List of Experiments: Section A

    1. To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume.

    2. To measure diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.

    3. To determine volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge.

    4. To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.

    5. To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.

    6. To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of vectors.

    7. Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2 graph and use it to find the effective Length of second’s pendulum.

    8. To study variation of time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of same size but different masses and interpret the result.

    9. To study the relationship between force of Limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.

    10. To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting graph between force and sinθ.

    Activities (for the purpose of demonstration only)

    1. To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g., 0.2cm, 0.5 cm.

    2. To determine mass of a given body using a metre scale by principle of moments.

    3. To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.

    4. To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane.

    5. To study the variation in range of a projectile with angle of projection.

    6. To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on an inclined plane (using a double inclined plane).

    7. To study dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.

    List of Experiments: Section B

    1.To determine Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.

    2.To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method

    3.To  determine  the  coefficient  of  viscosity  of  a  given  viscous  liquid  by  measuring  terminal  velocity  of  a given spherical body

    4.To determine specific heat capacity of a given solid by method of mixtures

    5.a) To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer

    b) To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer.

    6.To  find  the  speed  of  sound  in  air  at  room  temperature  using  a  resonance  tube  by  two  resonance positions.

    7.To find the value of vfor different values of uin case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length.

    8.To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.

    9.To  determine  angle  of  minimum  deviation  for  a  given  prism  by  plotting  a  graph  between  angle  of incidence and angle of deviation.

    10.To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

    Activities (For the purpose of demonstration only)

    1.To observe change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.

    2.To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi-metallic strip.

    3.To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.

    4.To study the effect of detergent on surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.

    5.To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.

    6.To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped metre scale loaded at (i) its end (ii) in the middle.

    7.To observe the decrease in presure with increase in velocity of a fluid.

    8.To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.

    9.To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).

    10.To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by  using  two lenses from the given set of lenses.

    Prescribed books

    1. Physics Part-I, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT

    2. Physics Part-II, Textbook for Class XIPublished by NCERT

    3. The List of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).

    Download CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2018 - 2019 in PDF format

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