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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: January 2017 Questions III

Jan 9, 2017 13:24 IST

    Current affairs Quiz

    Current affairs should be organized keeping in mind the syllabus of UPSC IAS prelims and mains. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority.

    Current Issues and Events

    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    View Current Affairs quiz December 2016

    Current affair is the most dynamic and challenging portion of the IAS Prelims preparation which should be studied in depth. UPSC IAS prelims preparation requires a deep consolidation and fundamental knowledge of the current happenings.

    1. Anil Baijal is appointed as the new Lt Governor of Delhi. Consider the following statements regarding the special status of Lt. Governor of Delhi:

    1) The chief minister is appointed by the Lt. Governor.
    2) The Lt. Governor is empowered to promulgate ordinances anytime.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The 69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 19915 provided a special status to the Union Territory of Delhi, and redesignated it the National Capital Territory of Delhi and designated the administrator of Delhi as the lieutenant (lt.) governor. It created a legislative assembly and a council of ministers for Delhi.

    The strength of the council of ministers is fixed at ten per cent of the total strength of the assembly, that is, seven—one chief minister and six other ministers. The chief minister is appointed by the President (not by the lt. governor). The other ministers are appointed by the president on the advice of the chief minister. The ministers hold office during the pleasure of the president. The council of ministers is collectively responsible to the assembly.

    The Lt. Governor is empowered to promulgate ordinances during recess of the assembly. An ordinance has the same force as an act of the assembly. Every such ordinance must be approved by the assembly within six weeks from its reassembly. He can also withdraw an ordinance at any time. But, he cannot promulgate an ordinance when the assembly is dissolved or suspended.

    Current Affairs Quiz for January 2017 Questions II

    2. Consider the following statements regarding the M-Parivahan:

    1) This app will facilitate access to various transport related services.
    2) It is a digital solution for transport enforcement and traffic police.
    3) The app provides for virtual driving license and registration certificate.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways will be launching two mobile apps  namely, e-Challan and m-Parivahan.  E-Challan is a comprehensive digital solution for transport enforcement and traffic police.

    E-Challan will provide a number of user friendly features covering major functionalities of the traffic enforcement system. It will provide improved transparency by connecting all stakeholders through a common system and ensuring data integrity.
    It will also provide ease of operations, efficient monitoring through digitization of records that will enhance the visibility of offenders; and overall better traffic management.

    M-Parivahan is a citizen centric app that will facilitate access to various transport related services. The app provides for virtual driving license and registration certificate through back end connection to Transport National Register.  
    If a vehicle number is entered into the app, it will give full details of the car and the owner including his DL and RC. This will provide a way to check genuineness of a vehicle and driver, help in passenger safety when hiring a driver or when buying a second hand vehicle.

    3. A bill to curb the use of H-1B visas has been introduced in US congress. Why is it important to India?

    a. The Indian IT sector is particularly dependent on the use of H-1B Visa.
    b. The Indian diplomats in USA come under the preview of H-1B Visa.
    c. Both (a) and (b)
    d. None of the above.

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    A bill to curb the use of H-1B visas, on which the Indian IT sector is particularly dependent, is reintroduced in USA. It is the first salvo in the battle against outsourcing. The new bill would require workers on the H-1B visa pay a minimum of $100,000, up from $60,000 currently. The bill also removes the Master's degree exemption to the cap on the number of visas available.

    The bill has been introduced by Republican Congressman who thinks that curbing abuse of the H1-B system will protect American jobs and help ensure that visas are available for innovators who need them to maintain a competitive work. The bill comes after companies such as Disney and Southern California Edison have come under fire for outsourcing their IT operations to Indian companies.

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    4. Consider the following statements regarding the recently in news authority,  the Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT):

    1) It was established through an amendment of the TRAI 1997 act.
    2) The primary objective was to release TRAI from adjudicatory and dispute settlement functions.
    3) Any direction, order or decision of TRAI can be challenged by appealing in TDSAT.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) was established to adjudicate disputes and dispose of appeals with a view to protect the interests of service providers and consumers of the telecom sector and to promote and ensure orderly growth of the telecom sector. Telecom Disputes Settlement Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) was established in 2000 through an amendment of the TRAI 1997 act.

    The main purpose of TDSAT’s establishment was to release TRAI from adjudicatory and dispute settlement functions in order to strengthen the regulatory framework. Any dispute involving parties like licensor, licensee, service provider and consumers are resolved by TDSAT. Moreover, any direction, order or decision of TRAI can be challenged by appealing in TDSAT.

    5. NASA has announced two missions to explore asteroids. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1) Aim is to open new windows on one of the earliest eras in the history of our solar system.
    2) Psyche will visit a target-rich environment of Jupiter’s mysterious Trojan asteroids.
    3) Lucy will study a unique metal asteroid.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. 1 and 2
    b. Only 1
    c. Only 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    NASA has selected two missions that have the potential to open new windows on one of the earliest eras in the history of our solar system – a time less than 10 million years after the birth of our sun. The missions, known as Lucy and Psyche, were chosen from five finalists and will proceed to mission formulation, with the goal of launching in 2021 and 2023, respectively.

    Lucy will visit a target-rich environment of Jupiter’s mysterious Trojan asteroids, while Psyche will study a unique metal asteroid that’s never been visited before. The mission will help scientists understand how planets and other bodies separated into their layers – including cores, mantles and crusts – early in their histories.

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    6. West Bengal’s longest free Wi-Fi-enabled road will stretch on Biswa Bangla Sarani mainly for?

    a. Farmers who travel to mandis to sell their corps.
    b. To facilitate IT professionals who travel along the road to their workplaces.
    a. To facilitate Wi-Fi services for Tourists in the area.
    b. None of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    West Bengal’s longest free Wi-Fi-enabled road has become operational which will make free Wi-Fi available over the entire stretch on Biswa Bangla Sarani between its intersection with Eastern Metropolitan bypass on one side and VIP Road on the other via New Town  covering a distance of 13.5km. The step has been taken to facilitate IT professionals who travel along the road to their workplaces.

    7. The Union Cabinet has approved signing and ratifying an Agreement between India and Uruguay regarding Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1) Uruguay is an important trading partner of India among members of the MERCOSUR.
    2) India has signed a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) with the MERCOSUR.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Uruguay is an important trading partner of India among members of the MERCOSUR, a trading block in Latin America.  Mercosur is an economic and political bloc comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Suriname are associate members.

    Its purpose is to promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency. The official languages are Spanish, Portuguese and Guarani. It is now a full customs union and a trading bloc.
    India signed a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) with the MERCOSUR which came into effect from 1st June, 2009. Trade between India and the Uruguay has been expanding gradually.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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