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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: December 2016 Questions IX

Dec 30, 2016 13:13 IST

    current events for IASThe UPSC prelims exam is an objective exam, which tests the crucial understanding of the topic. The questions asked are generally above average difficulty level, which is unfeasible to solve without in-depth knowledge of the specified topic, so it is suggested to all the aspirants that they study current affairs as per their utility in the UPSC Prelims exam.

    CURRENT AFFAIRS AND EVENTS

    It is very important for aspirants to develop a sense of perception towards the current issues and try to anticipate how questions can be asked about a particular issue? Or how a present ongoing issue relates to the current social and political scenario in the country?
    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    IAS Main Exam 2016 Question Papers

    1. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the recently tested Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW):

    1) It was successfully tested by the Indian Space Research Organisation.
    2) Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) is capable of engaging air targets up to a range of 100 KM.

    Choose the correct statements code:

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c.  Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    SAAW is an indigenously designed and developed 120 kg class smart weapon, developed by DRDO which is capable of engaging ground targets with high precision up to a range of 100 km.

    The Defence and Research Development Organization (DRDO) successfully flight tested the Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW), from an Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft.

    The lightweight, high-precision guided bomb is one of the world class weapons systems. The captive and release trials were tracked by Radar and Telemetry ground stations at ITR during the entire duration of the flight.

    2. The popular dance form ‘Kuchipudi’ has found a place in the Guinness World Record. Which of the following features is true regarding the Kuchipudi dance:

    1) Kuchipudi is a dance-drama performance art, with its roots in the text of Natya Shastra.
    2) It originated in the state of Kerala.
    3) Kuchipudi is one of the ten major Indian classical dances.

    Choose the correct statements code:

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Andhra Pradesh's classical dance 'Kuchipudi' found a place in the Guinness World Records when a record 6,117 dancers came together to present a show. Kuchipudi is one of the ten major Indian classical dances. It originated in a village of Krishna district in modern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

    Kuchipudi is a dance-drama performance art, with its roots in the ancient Hindu Sanskrit text of Natya Shastra and it developed as a religious art linked to travelling bards, temples and spiritual beliefs. Kuchipudi largely developed as a Hindu god Krishna-oriented Vaishnavism tradition and it is most closely related to the Bhagavata Mela performance art found in Tamil Nadu.

    Current Affairs QUIZ December 2016 Questions VIII

    3. What are the names of World’s most heat resistant material recently found?

    a. Tantalum carbide and hafnium carbide
    b. Sodium carbide and nitrogen carbide
    c. Ferric carbide
    d. All of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Tantalum carbide (TaC) and hafnium carbide (HfC) are refractory ceramics, meaning they are extraordinarily resistant to heat. They are materials that can withstand temperatures of nearly 4,000 degrees Celsius.

    Their ability to withstand extremely harsh environments means that refractory ceramics could be used in thermal protection systems on high-speed vehicles and as fuel cladding in the super-heated environments of nuclear reactors.

    4. Consider the following statement regarding the National Consumer Day 2016:

    1) The National Consumer Day is observed on 24th December because the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 had received the assent of the President on this day.
    2) The theme for 2016 was- “Alternate Consumer Disputes Redressal”

    Choose the correct statements code:

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c.  Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The National Consumer Day is observed every year on December 24. On this day, the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 had received the assent of the President. The Day is an annual occasion for celebration and solidarity within the national consumer movement and is an opportunity to promote the basic rights of all consumers.

    The Department of Consumer Affairs, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution celebrated the National Consumer Day 2016 with the theme “Alternate Consumer Disputes Redressal” on 24th December.

    Transfer and Posting Policy of IAS

    5. Recently, UP High Court has ruled that land belonging to a religious body can be used for public purpose. Consider the statements regarding the criteria to be specified as a religious denomination:

    1) The institute or group should have a common organisation.
    2) It should be a collection of individuals who have a system of beliefs.
    3) It may or may not be designated by a distinctive name.

    Choose the correct statements code:

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    According to Article 26, every religious denomination or any of its section shall have the following rights:

    -Right to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes;
    -Right to manage its own affairs in matters of religion;
    -Right to own and acquire movable and immovable property; and
    -Right to administer such property in accordance with law.

    The Supreme Court held that a religious denomination must satisfy three conditions:
    •    It should be a collection of individuals who have a system of beliefs (doctrines) which they regard as conductive to their spiritual well-being;
    •    It should have a common organisation
    •    It should be designated by a distinctive name.
    The rights under Article 26 are subjected to public order, morality and health, but not subject to other provisions relating to the Fundamental Rights.

    Expenses in IAS Exam Preparation

    6. Which statement is true regarding the much in news term, “Google Tax”?

    a. 'Google tax' is used to refer to anti-avoidance provisions.
    b. 'Google tax' is used to refer to internet taxes.
    c. 'Google tax' is used to refer to tax collected by google.
    d. All of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    'Google tax' is a popular term used to refer to anti-avoidance provisions that have been passed in several jurisdictions dealing with profits or royalties that have been diverted to other jurisdictions with lower or nil rates.

    The Indian Government has launched Equalisation levy (Google Tax) for all, which states that any person or entity that makes a payment exceeding Rs 1 lakh in a financial year to a non-resident technology company will now need to withhold 6% tax on the gross amount being paid as an equalisation levy. It is expected to adversely affect the start-up ecosystem going forward.

    7. The Wildlife board has finally cleared the Ken-Betwa project. Consider the following statements regarding Ken- Betwa project:

    1) This project will benefit the state of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in terms of meeting their irrigation, drinking water and electricity needs.
    2) The project requires diversion of forest land of Valmiki Tiger Reserve hence it was required to be formally cleared by the wildlife board.

    Choose the correct statements code:

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c.  Both 1 and 2
    d.  Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) has given its much-awaited clearance to Ken- Betwa project which will benefit six districts of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in terms of meeting their irrigation, drinking water and electricity needs.

    Since the project requires diversion of forest land of Panna Tiger Reserve, it was required to be formally cleared from the board. The clearance has finally come with certain conditions which include integration of nearby sanctuaries including Rani Durgavati and Ranipur with the Panna Tiger Reserve to compensate for the loss of tiger habitat and complete ban of fresh mining lease in the area.

    The board also wants the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) to take care of the landscape plan for the area with the help of the state forest department and Wildlife Institute of India (WII).

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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