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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 13 February 2017

Feb 13, 2017 12:28 IST

    current affairs 13th FebruaryIAS Questions are mostly related to the Current affairs of the social and economic developments in the country. UPSC IAS prelims preparation requires a deep consolidation and fundamental knowledge of the current happenings.

    ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

    Current affair is the most dynamic and challenging portion of the IAS Prelims preparation which should be studied in depth. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority.

    Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. A Digital Friendly Budget aimed at accelerating India’s Transformation into a Digitally Empowered Society. Consider the following statements regarding the key indicators of Digital Profile of India:

    1) Jeevan Pramaan Portal is a new initiative to provide convenience to pension holders.
    2) Digi Locker is a new initiative to provide safe, online document storage to the citizen.
    3) Bharat Net is a new initiative to provide the internet in the Urban industrialised cities.

    Which of the above statements is correct?

    a. Only 1
    b. 1 and 3
    c. 1 and 2
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    A digital India initiative of the government of India has transformed the digital profile of India significantly. Some of the key indicators of this are:

    • Bharat Net is an optical Fibre Network to connect the villages of India has seen rapid growth.
    • MyGov is a new platform created for participative governance.
    • Jeevan Pramaan Portal is a new initiative to provide convenience to pension holders.
    • Digi Locker is a new initiative to provide safe, online document storage to the citizen.
    • eNAM is an online National Agriculture, Market, created so that farmers can get the best price for their produce.
    • Land records have been computerised in 31 states and Union Territories.  Record of Rights (RORs) made online for 22 States/UTs.
    • Digi Dhan Abhiyaan is done to promote digital payments across the country.

    Taking this pace of digital development the Union Budget 2017 has not only given an impetus to the existing efforts but has clearly outlined the roadmap for the future of digital development of India.

    Current Issues and Events

    2. The phenomenon of 'killer rip tides' is being studied by ISRO to safeguard Goa’s beaches. Consider the following statements regarding the Rip Tides:

    1) A rip tide is a strong sea current which pulls the water away from the shore
    2) They are formed by the weak winds pushing water towards the shore.
    3) Rip currents are a potential source of danger for people in the shallow water with breaking waves in seas, oceans and lakes.

    Which of the above statements is correct?

    a. Only 1
    b. 1 and 3
    c.  Only 2
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Rip tides are strong sea currents which push away from the shore as a strong storm is near. They are formed by the strong winds pushing water towards the shore. Tropical cyclone winds push waves up against the shoreline even if they are hundreds of miles away, so rip tide warnings are often the first indication of a nearby hurricane.

    Rip currents are a potential source of danger for people in the shallow water with breaking waves in seas, oceans and lakes. Rip currents are the proximate cause of 80% of rescues carried out by beach lifeguards. In a rip current, death by drowning occurs when a person has limited water skills and panics, or when a swimmer persists in trying to swim to shore against a strong rip current, thus eventually becoming exhausted and unable to stay afloat.

    3. Which of the following best describes the term”AMAN 2017”, often seen in the news?

    a. It is an international naval exercise, being held in Pakistan.
    b. More than 35 countries are participating in this Multinational Naval event.
    c. Both (a) and (b)
    d. None of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The international naval exercise “AMAN-17” is being held in Karachi, Pakistan. More than 35 countries are participating in the event. The multinational exercise, themed “together for peace,” has been planned by the Pakistan Navy.

    AMAN 17 exercise will feature harbour and sea phases where participants will witness a variety of activities including Search & Rescue (SAR) Operations, gunnery drills, anti-piracy demonstrations, replenishment at Sea (RAS) and maritime counterterrorism demonstrations.

    It involves ships, aircraft, helicopters, Special Operations Forces (SOF), Explosives Ordinance Disposal (EOD), marine teams and observers from regional as well extra-regional navies. This exercise provides a platform for the navies involved – some of which do not work together very often – to hone their skills and build cooperation and friendship to promote peace and stability.

    View Current Affairs Quiz January 2017

    4. The Supreme Court again iterated that a State government has no Suo Motu power to remit the sentences of persons convicted under a Central law and cases investigated by a Central agency. Consider the following statements regarding the remission powers of the Governor:

    1) Governor can pardon, reprieve, respite, remit, suspend or commute the punishment or sentence of any person convicted of any offence against a state law.
    2) Governor can grant pardon, reprieve, respite, suspension, remission or commutation in respect to punishment or sentence by a court-martial (military court).
    3) Governor cannot pardon a death sentence.

    Which of the above statements is correct?

    a. Only 1
    b. 1 and 3
    c. 1 and 2
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The judicial powers and functions of the governor are that he can grant pardons, reprives, respites and remissions of punishment or suspend, remit and commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the state extends.

    He cannot pardon a death sentence. Even if a state law prescribes for a death sentence, the power to grant pardon lies with the President and not the governor. But, the governor can suspend, remit or commute a death sentence.

    Governor cannot grant pardon, reprieve, respite, suspension, remission or commutation in respect to punishment or sentence by a court-martial (military court).

    5. Which of the following statements best describes the objective of Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan?

    a. To make rural households digitally literate.
    b. To make urban households digitally literate.
    c. To make farmers and migrant workers digitally literate.
    d. None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    As per the NSSO Survey, only 6% of rural households have a computer. This highlights that more than 15 crore rural households do not have computers and a significant number of these households are likely to be digitally illiterate. The PMGDISHA being initiated under Digital India Programme would cover 6 crore households in rural areas to make them digitally literate. This would empower the citizens by providing them access to information, knowledge and skills for operating computers / digital access devices.

    The outlay for this project is to usher in digital literacy in rural India by March 2019. PMGDISHA is expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world. To ensure equitable geographical reach, each of the 250,000 Gram Panchayats would be expected to register an average of 200-300 candidates.

    Digitally literate persons would be able to operate computers/digital access devices (like tablets, smartphones, etc.), send and receive emails, browse the internet, access Government Services, search for information, undertaking cashless transactions, etc and hence use IT to actively participate in the process of nation building.

    The implementation of the Scheme would be carried out under the overall supervision of Ministry of Electronics and IT in active collaboration with States/UTs through their designated State Implementing Agencies, District e-Governance Society (DeGS), etc.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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