Geography plays a very important part in the IAS Prelims Exam. It forms around 20-30 percent of the questions in the IAS Prelims Question Paper. It is very scientific subject and based on the scientific principles and hence candidates find it difficult to understand it sometimes.
Contemporary India is one of the most important books for the IAS Prelims as well as IAS Main Exam. It is written in a well planned manner and the presentation of the concepts is very chronologically explained. Moreover the figures used in explaining the concept are very useful.
The candidates can redraw these figures in their answer sheet in order to get more marks. The presentation of this book is so designed to explain the things in a coherent and relative manner. It helps in understanding the concept as well as relating them with the other related concepts.
Chapter 1: RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as ‘Resource’.
Chapter 2: FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES
We share this planet with millions of other living beings, starting from micro-organisms and bacteria, lichens to banyan trees, elephants and blue whales. This entire habitat that we live in has immense biodiversity. We humans along with all living organisms form a complex web of ecological system in which we are only a part and very much dependent on this system for our own existence.
Chapter 3: WATER RESOURCES
You already know that three-fourth of the earth’s surface is covered with water, but only a small proportion of it accounts for freshwater that can be put to use. This freshwater is mainly obtained from surface run off and ground water that is continually being renewed and recharged through the hydrological cycle. All water moves within the hydrological cycle ensuring that water is a renewable resource.
Chapter 4: AGRICULTURE
India is an agriculturally important country. Two-thirds of its population is engaged in agricultural activities. Agriculture is a primary activity, which produces most of the food that we consume. Besides food grains, it also produces raw material for various industries.
Chapter 5: MINERAL AND ENERGY RESOURCES
We use different things in our daily life made from metal. Can you list a number of items used in your house made of metals. Where do these metals come from? You have studied that the earth’s crust is made up of different minerals embedded in the rocks. Various metals are extracted from these minerals after proper refinement.
Chapter 6: MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing. Do you know that paper is manufactured from wood, sugar from sugarcane, iron and steel from iron ore and aluminium from bauxite? Do you also know that some types of clothes are manufactured from yarn which itself is an industrial product?
Chapter 7: LIFELINES OF NATIONAL ECONOMY
We use different materials and services in our daily life. Some of these are available in our immediate surroundings, while other requirements are met by bringing things from other places. Goods and services do not move from supply locales to demand locales on their own. The movement of these goods and services from their supply locations to demand locations necessitates the need for transport. Some people are engaged in facilitating these movements.