IAS Exam NIOS PSYCHOLOGY Book- 3 Study Material
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Module VI: Optional Module
World of Work
Education and work
Ashima wanted to become a doctor. After Class X, however, she had opted for commerce stream for Class XI. She was a bright student and passed Class XII with 85 percent marks. When she tried for medical entrance and obtained the forms, she discovered to her dismay that she is not qualified even to sit for the entrance examination for the medical course despite her high percentage of marks.
You might have come across many such advertisements in news papers, magazines, handbills etc. Does the word ‘career’ ring a bell in your mind? What exactly is career or career building? Reading this lesson will help you understand the concept of career. It will also help you in developing your career in a more systematic way.
Vocational Choice and Vocational Adjustment
Work is a very important part of one’s life. But every person is not suited for every kind of job. Almost every type of job requires a basic minimum level of education. It also requires a person to have certain skills or abilities which will be necessary in order to carry out the duties on the job.
Stress and Your Health
You have to catch your train at 8.00 a.m., but your auto is in a traffic jam. You just have 20 minutes to travel 5 kms. Your heart beats fast; you are sweating and grinding your teeth, looking frequently at your watch, scolding people, unable to think clearly.
Stress management and Well-Being
Until now you have studied all about what is stress and what are the health problems related with stress. Stress is by and large manageable. If a scientific approach is followed for managing stress, it can be relieved. This lesson deals with the strategies which one can adopt for effective management of stress.
Facilitating Early Childhood Education
Developmental Patterns in Early Childhood
Development of a human being from a conception to a full grown adult is a subject that has fascinated people over generations. Not only is this knowledge useful as a tool for understanding self, but also for guiding the development of children.
Play Centre: Objectives
In the last lesson we have tried to orient ourselves about the characteristics and needs of children during early childhood. We have seen how these characteristics change with age and how the child feels more equipped in every respect as s/he grows physically.
Play Centre: Structural Details
The play centre is a space for 2–5 year olds to come and play, explore and interact. In order that they may do so in safety and may develop to their optimal best, one needs to focus on the details of setting up a play centre. If you have already visited a good play centre, you must have observed that it has space for various activities, and not only children but you also feel good standing among children and other things.
Planning and Conducting Programmes
Children below five years are in the most impressionable period. The foundation for future personality is laid during these impressionable years. Whatever is learnt at this age gets so deeply embedded that it becomes difficult to change it later on.
Involvement of Parents and Community in a Play Centre
Guiding the development of children should be a co-operative endeavour, a two-way process between parents and teachers; play centre and home. Neither can work effectively without the understanding, support and assistance of the other. The parent and the teacher need to see the child as a whole in order to provide appropriate guidance.