Periodically, various multilateral agencies release indices that assess comparative performances of various countries in social and economic sectors. For the benefit of IAS exam aspirants, we have prepared Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) that tests knowledge related to India’s ranking in the recently released important indices.
The explanation at the end of each question will help aspirants in answering further asking questions on the same subject in the upcoming Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2018.
1. What is India’s rank in a recently released UNICEF report in terms of the highest newborn mortality rate among ‘Lower Middle Income’ countries?
In February 2018, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) released a report on newborn mortality worldwide. As per the report, worldwide deaths of newborn babies remain frighteningly high, particularly among the world’s poorest countries.
Overall, babies born in Japan, Iceland and Singapore have the best chance at survival, while newborns in Pakistan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and Afghanistan face the worst chance.
Among lower middle income countries, India is the 12th worst nation for newborns. In 2016, newborn mortality rate in India was 25.6. The newborn mortality rate is defined as death per 1,000 live births.
2. As per the WEF’s Future of Production Report 2018, what is India’s position in the world in terms of output of the manufacturing sector?
The World Economic Forum (WEF) on 12 January 2017 released the Readiness for the Future of Production Report 2018. The report measured how well positioned 100 countries and economies—across all geographies and stages of development—are to shape and benefit from the changing nature of production through the adoption of emerging technology.
As per the report, with a total Manufacturing Value Added of over USD 420 billion in 2016, India is the 5th-largest manufacturer in the world. India ranks 45th in terms of economic complexity.
Over the last three decades, India’s manufacturing sector has grown by more than 7% per year, on average, while accounting for between 16% to 20% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Employment in the manufacturing sector constitutes 11.4% of the total working population. Medium hi-tech and hi-tech industries constitute 37.9% of the total value added by the manufacturing sector.
3. What is India’s rank in the 2017 Global Hunger Index?
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) on 12 October 2017 released a report titled '2017 Global Hunger Index: The Inequalities of Hunger'. In the Global Hunger Index, India ranked at low 100th position out of 119 countries behind North Korea (93rd), Bangladesh and Iraq (78th). Alarmingly, India slipped by 45 positions since 2014 and the present 100th rank is the worst performance so far.
At 31.4, India's 2017 GHI score is at the high end of the 'serious' category, and is one of the main factors pushing South Asia to the category of worst performing region this year, followed closely by Africa South of the Sahara. India’s rank in the 2016 report was 97 out of the 118 countries surveyed.
4. What is India’s rank in the recently released Environmental Performance Index 2018?
On January 24, 2018, the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2018 was released by two prestigious universities in the USA – Yale and Columbia. The index was prepared in collaboration with the World Economic Forum (WEF) and was released on the sidelines of the WEF Annual Meeting in Davos Switzerland.
The Environmental Performance Index 2018 ranked 180 countries on 24 performance indicators across 10 categories covering environmental health and ecosystem vitality. In the biannual index, India was adjudged as the fourth-worst performing country with 177th rank in terms of environmental protection. In the EPI 2016, India was placed at the 141st position.
5. What is India’s rank Global Corruption Perception Index 2017?
In February 2018, the Transparency International released the Global Corruption Perception Index 2017. Among the 180 countries surveyed, India has been placed at the 81st spot. In the 2016, India was ranked at the 79th position among 176 countries.
The index uses a scale of 0 to 100, where rank one country is very clean and the 180th country is highly corrupt.
New Zealand was ranked first with a score of 89 followed by Denmark at the 2nd position with a score of 88. Three nations -Finland, Norway and Switzerland were tied for the 3rd position, as they all had the same score of 85.
Somalia at 180th position was the lowest ranked nation in the corruption index with a score of just 9. It was followed by South Sudan and Syria at 179th and 178th positions with a score of 12 and 14 respectively.
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