IAS Main (Written) Exam would commence from 14 December 2014. IAS Main (Written) Exam General Studies Paper IV is concerned with the topics related to the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.
Questions are expected to test the basic understanding and analytical power of candidate. Thus, Candidates must stick to the syllabus notified by the UPSC for IAS (Main) General Studies Paper IV. Syllabus explanation of IAS Main (Written) General Studies Paper IV is as follows:-
Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
It includes the different definitions of ethics, broad areas that are covered under the ethics, different aspects of morality, Morality in Human actions, ethical standards, and consequences of human actions. Human values lessons from lives and teaching of great leaders such as Sri Aurobindo, Guru Ravidas, Guru Nanak, Rabindranath Tagore, Narayana Guru etc.
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
This section includes various aspects of attitudes, learning theory of attitude change, relations between attitude, behaviors and actions. Cognitive Dissonance theory and human attitude, Intention and behavior. Ethical qualities such as kindness, forgiveness, fortitude, cowardice, empathy, altruism, prudence, humility etc. Individual ethics for civil servant. Emotional intelligence, intelligence quotient, varieties of intelligence, theory of emotional intelligence, Influencing people, quality of leadership
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
· Indian thinkers and philosopher (Vivekananda, Ramakrishna paramahamsa, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayananda Saraswati, Kautilya, Guru Nanak, Sri Aurobindo etc),
· Western thinkers and philosophers, Greek Philosophers (Heraclitian Ethics, Protagorian Ethics, Socratic Ethics, Platonic Ethics, Aristotlean Ethics, Epicurean Ethics) etc.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
It includes: decision making process, ethical dilemma principle, analysis of ethical dilemma. laws, different forms of law, natural law, aspects of conscience, moral change. Concept of sovereignty, international morality, idealism, UN charter on international morality. Corporate governance evolution in india, provision contained in companies act, corporate social responsibily etc.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
This part focuses on: corruption, reforms for making india corruption free, investigative agencies, disciplinary proceeding, liabilities of public servants, protection of whistleblowers, RTI Process and procedure, working of RTI Act etc.
Case Studies on above issues.