After the introduction of change in IAS Main (Written) Exam, Indian Polity has acquired more importance owing to its overall weightage in IAS Main (Written) General Studies Paper II. Candidates must stick to the syllabus notified by the UPSC for General Studies Paper II. Questions asked in IAS Main 2013 were direct but analytical. So students must have analytical grasp over the subject. Following are some important topics for Indian Polity:
• Evolution and development of Indian Constitution, features of Indian constitution, Issues related to amendment of constitution
• Comparison of Indian constitution with constitution of America, England and China.
• Judiciary Review and Judiciary activism
• Concept of Basic Structure of constitution and role of judiciary in preserving it
• Issues related to judiciary overreaching its limit.
• Issues of conflicts between centre and state, devolution of more power to states.
• Issues related to misuse of Governor position
• Judiciary health in India
• Interest and Pressure group in India
• Problems and issues related to Panchayati Raj system and PESA.
• Electoral reforms and role of election commissioners
• Recent Judicial judgments
• Various acts and bills in news
• Interstate conflicts and issues
Candidates have to make smart and relevant study to score good marks in this section. Candidates can start with basic NCERT Books. Candidates must note here that NCERT Books on polity are not sufficient since these books do not deal with syllabus comprehensively. Candidate must consult standards books for detailed study. Further, questions being asked are likely to be current issues oriented. Candidates must read relevant news on recent issues and developments and interlink these with the traditional part of polity.