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IAS Preliminary Exam 2018: Model Question Paper I

Mar 16, 2018 11:51 IST
    IAS Preliminary Exam 2018
    IAS Preliminary Exam 2018

    The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam will be held on June 3, 2018. To clear the exam, continuous efforts to master the various components of the exam are a must. To score maximum marks, reading the subject is not sufficient; One should have enough practice.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing a Model Question Paper below. The paper consists of 100 questions and they are prepared by taking the previous year questions into consideration. The questions cover all the seven components of the syllabus i.e. Geography, History of India, Indian Polity, Economy of India, General Science, Current Affairs and Environment.

    Answers along with detailed explanation to the following questions will be provided on March 19, 2018. They will help you in answering further questions in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam 2018.

    1. Consider the following statements regarding the atmospheric pressure:

    1. The weight of the column of air at a given place and time is called air pressure or atmospheric pressure.

    2. Atmospheric pressure is measured by an instrument called Thermometer.

    3. Atmospheric pressure is measured as force per unit area and the unit used for measuring pressure is called millibar.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    (a) 2 only

    (b) 1 and 3                                          

    (c) 2 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    2. Consider the following statements regarding the valley glaciers:

    1. When a mass of ice from the high mountainous regions starts moving down into the pre-existing valleys, it is called a valley glacier.

    2. Valley glaciers are quite different from the mountain glaciers.

    3. The longest glacier in India is the Siachen Glacier in Karakoram Range which is 72 kilometres long.

    Which of the following above statements is true?

    (a) 1 and 2

    (b) 2 and 3

    (c) 1 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    3. Which of the following term regarding intrusive volcanic landforms are correctly matched?

    Sill- lava solidifies almost perpendicular to the ground.

    Phacolith-found at the base of syncline of top of anticline.

    Laccoliths-when lava settles in a saucer shape while moving on a horizontal weak plane.

    Choose the incorrect statements?

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c)  Both 1 and 3

    (d)  All are correct.

    4. Which one of the following processes is related to the formation or modification of the present atmosphere?

    (a) Solar winds

    (b) Degassing

    (c) Photosynthesis

    (d) All of the above

    5. Consider the following statements regarding the mineral deposits found in North-western  region of India:

    I. This belt extends from gulf of Khambhat in Gujarat to the Aravalli range in Rajasthan.

    II. Petroleum and natural gas are principal resources of this belt.

    III. The region is known for reserves and production of several non-ferrous metals particularly copper, silver, lead, and Zinc.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) Only II

    (c) Both I and II

    (d) Neither I nor II

    6. Consider the following statements regarding the Great Bath located at the site of Mohenjodaro of Harappan Civilisation:

    I. The Great Bath is finely built brick structure measures 12 m by 7m, and is nearly 3m deep from the surrounding pavement.

    II. The floor of the bath was constructed of sawn bricks set on edge in gypsum mortar, with a layer of bitumen sandwiched between the inner and outer brick layers.

    III. Water was evidently supplied by a large well in an adjacent room, and an outlet from one corner of the bath led to a high corbelled drain disgorging on the west side of the mound.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) I and III

    (d) All of the above

    7. Which of the following rivers flows between the mountain ranges of Vindhyas and Satpura?

    (a) Gomti

    (b) Narmada

    (c) Ganga

    (d) Brahmaputra

    8. Consider the following statements regarding the vedic tradition:

    I. The early Vedic tradition, compiled between c.1500 and 1000 BCE.

    II. The Rigveda consists of hymns in praise of a variety of deities, especially Agni, Indra and Soma.

    III. Many of the hymns were chanted when sacrifices were performed, where people prayed for cattle, sons, good health, long life, etc.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) I and III

    (d) All of the above

    9. Which the following religions of the Vedic period did not condemn the varna system?

    (a) Buddhism

    (b) Jainism

    (c) Both a and b

    (d) None of the above

    10. In order to protect themselves from the famine that took place in Magadha after 200 years after the death of Mahavira and they developed differences among the practices of local Jaina followers. The Jaina followers who came back from Southern states were called as:

    (a) Digambara

    (b) Svetambara

    (c) Both a and b

    (d) None of the above

    11. In a case, if the same person is appointed as the governor of two or more states, the emoluments and allowances payable to him will bear by:

    (a) One of the two states decided by the President

    (b) The first state in which he was appointed

    (c) Both the states shared by in such proportion as determined by the president.

    (d) The second state in which he has been appointed

    12. Consider the following statements regarding the provisions made by the constitution to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of the UPSC:

    I. The chairman or a member of the UPSC can be removed from office by the president only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. Therefore, they enjoy security of tenure.

    II. The chairman of UPSC (on ceasing to hold office) is not eligible for further employment in the Government of India or a state.

    III. The entire expenses including the salaries, allowances and pensions of the chairman and members of the UPSC are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. Thus, they are not subject to vote of Parliament.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) II and III

    (d) All of the above

    13. Consider the following statements regarding organisation of Parliament under the Constitution of India:

    I. Under the Constitution, the Parliament of India consists of three parts viz, the President, the Council of States and the House of the People.

    II. In 1954, the Hindi names ‘Rajya Sabha’ and ‘Lok Sabha’ were adopted by the Council of States and the House of People respectively.

    III. The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House (Second Chamber or House of Elders) and the Lok Sabha is the Lower House (First Chamber or Popular House).

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) I and III

    (d) All of the above

    14. Which of the following statements is true regarding the representatives of states in Rajya Sabha:

    I. The representatives of states in the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of state legislative assemblies.

    II. The election of representatives of states is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

    III. The seats are allotted to the states in the Rajya Sabha on the basis of population.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) I and III

    (d) All of the above

    15. The Objective Resolution was unanimously adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd January 1947, had the following provisions as given below:

    I. Adequate safeguards shall be provided for minorities, backward and tribal areas, and depressed and other backward classes.

    II. All power and authority of the Sovereign Independent India, its constituent parts and organs of government, are derived from the people.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    (a) I only

    (b) (b)II only

    (c) Both I and II

    (d) Neither I nor II

    16. Who among the following persons has proposed the existence of atoms first?

    (a) John Dalton

    (b) Maharishi Kanad

    (c) Robert Hook

    (d) Wilhelm Ostwald

    17. The pH scale is used for denoting the concentration of hydrogen ions. The term pH means:

    (a) Proposition of hydrogen

    (b) Power of hydrogen

    (c) Presence of hydrogen

    (d) Physical state of hydrogen

    18. Consider the following statements.

    1. ‘MySecurity.in’ is a web portal that will be a platform for innovation in the field of security related web applications.

    2. It will be launched by Ministry of Home affairs.

    3. Any individual, company, student, NGO etc can develop and deploy on this portal such security applications which may be useful to the people.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    (a) 1 and 2.

    (b) 1 and3.

    (c) 2 and 3.

    (d) 1, 2 and 3.

    19. Consider the following statements regarding Global Warming situation on earth:

    I. The temperature surrounding the earth has been rising during the recent past, is due to the ‘green house effect’.

    II. A green house is a glass chamber in which plants are grown to provide them warmth by trapping sun light.

    III. The phenomenon of heat build up inside a glass chamber from the absorption of solar radiation is called green house effect.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) II and III

    (d) All of the above

    20. The Environment Protection Act of 1986 (EPA) came into force soon after which of the following disaster in India?

    (a) Bhopal Gas Tragedy

    (b) Oleum Gas Leak

    (c) Maline Landslide in Pune

    (d) None of the above

    21. Which of the following methods can be adopted in sustainable agriculture system?

    1. Cultivation practices to increase biological and economic stability

    2. Selection of improved varieties to suit the need

    3. Soil management by proper method of tillage

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    (a) 2 only

    (b) 1 and 2

    (c) 2 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    22. Consider the following statements

    1. The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of mangroves.

    2. World Wetlands Day is observed on 2 February.

    Which of the statements given above is/are are correct?

    (a) 1 only

    (b) 2 only

    (c) 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    23. Consider the following statements regarding the types of soil erosion:

    I. Soil erosion by water occurs by means of raindrops, waves or ice.

    II. Soil erosion by water is termed differently according to the intensity and nature of erosion.

    III. Soil erosion by wind is more common in areas where the natural vegetation has been destroyed.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) II and III

    (d) All of the above

    24. Consider the following statements regarding the stretch hot spots in India:

    I. The eastern Himalayan hot spot extends to the north – eastern India and Bhutan.

    II. The temperate forests are found at an altitude of 1780 to 3500 m in the eastern Himalayan hot spot.

    III. The Western Ghat region lies parallel to the western coast of Indian peninsula for almost 1600 km, in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) II and III

    (d) All of the above

    25. Which of the following chemicals cause water pollution?

    1. Arsenic

    2. Copper

    3. Zinc

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    26. According to UNICEF, child marriage numbers drop sharply in India which has contributed significantly to a global decline in child marriage. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1) India constitutes more than 20 percent of the world’s adolescent population and accounts for the highest number of child marriages in South Asia given its size and population.

    2) In the current trend, 27 percent of girls, or nearly 1.5 million girls, get married before they turn 18 in India which is a shrp decline from 47 percent a decade ago.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    (a) 1 only

    (b) 2 only

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    27. Recently, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for the creation of National Urban Housing Fund. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements related to the fund.

    1. The fund will be managed by the Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council.

    2. The fund will be created at an estimated cost of Rs 60,000 crores.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    (a) 1 only

    (b) 2 only

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    28. Consider the following statements related to the Botanical Survey of India that was in the news recently.

    1) It was established by the Union Government in 1950.

    2) It works under the Department of Science and Technology.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    (a) 1 only

    (b) 2 only

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    29. Consider the following statements related to the Stree Swabhiman Initiative that was launched recently.

    1) It was launched by the Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

    2) It seeks to impart computer literacy to working women.

    Which of the above statements is/are true?

    a) 1 only

    b) 2 only

    c) Both 1 and 2

    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    30. Researchers from RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) in Japan have identified a type of moss that can efficiently absorb a large amount of lead, providing a green alternative for decontaminating polluted water and soil. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1. Lead-contaminated water is a serious environmental concern that can be removed by a moss (Funaria hygrometrica) and the process is called as phytoremediation.

    2. Earlier, for compounding the problem, the typical way to remove lead or other heavy metals from water requires fossil fuels and a tremendous amount of energy.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    (a) 1 only

    (b) 2 only

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    31. Which of the following is/are a component of organised Indian money market?

    1. Commercial Papers

    2. Mutual Funds

    3. Treasury Bills

    4. Cash Management Bills

    Which of the above statement is true?

    (a) 1, 2 and 3

    (b) 2, 3 and 4

    (c) 1, 3 and 4

    (d) All of the above

    32. Bargadar are persons lawfully cultivating any land belonging to another person. The Bargadar system was part of Land Reform Act of which of the following states of India?

    (a) Maharashtra

    (b) West Bengal

    (c) Bengal

    (d) Uttar Pradesh

    33. Which of the following is true regarding the benefits of GST for both the level of government i.e. the Central Government and the State Governments?

    I. Simple and easy to administer

    II. Better controls on leakage

    III. Higher revenue efficiency

    IV. Relief in overall tax burden on governments

    Codes:

    (a) I, II and III

    (b) I and II

    (c) II and III

    (d) All of the above

    34. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are managed and regulated by

    (a) IMF

    (b) WTO

    (c) European Union

    (d) UNCTAD

    35. “An Enquiry into the Nature and Cause of the Wealth of Nations” book is written by:

    (a) Adam Smith

    (b) John Maynard Keynes

    (c) Sir Richard Hicks

    (d) Joseph Stiglitz

    36. Which of the following types of land locally known as reh?

    (a) The land under the settlements, roads, mines and quarries along with barren lands are included in this category.

    (b) The total land area on which crops are grown in a region.

    (c) It is the land in which crops were raised for some period of time but has not been cultivated for the last five years due to certain deficiencies such as alkalinity and salinity in the soils.

    (d) When lands are left unused to regain their lost fertility in a natural way.

    37. Consider the following statements and choose the statement which is/are correct?

    1. The process by which two air masses of different physical characteristics are brought together is frontolysis.

    2. The gradual dissipation of the frontal zone is called frontogensis.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) Both 1 and 2.

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    38. Which of the following is not the reason to induce as earthquake?

    (a) Reemergence of old fractures in the craton.

    (b) Small plates frequent interaction in Mediterranean Sea region.

    (c) Human induced deep sea mining and nuclear testing.

    (d) All the above can be probable reason to induce quakes.

    47. Consider the following statements about “Fundamental Duties”:

    A. They are not enforceable by Law, hence Parliament can’t provide for the imposition of appropriate penalty or punishment for failure to fulfil any of them.

    B. They help the courts in examining and determining the constitutional validity of a Law.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    (a) Only A     

    (b) Only B

    (c) Both A and B

    (d) None of these

    48. With reference to the constitutional provisions provided to Council of Ministers by Indian Constitution which of the following is correct?

    (a) The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

    (b) The total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. The provision was added by the 91st Amendment Act of 2003.

    (c) A member of either house of Parliament belonging to any political party who is disqualified on the ground of defection shall also be disqualified to be appointed as a minister.

    (d) All of the above

    49. Who among the following is a part of Union Executive?

    (a) Vice President

    (b) Prime Minister

    (c) Attorney General

    (d) All of the above

    50. The President can proclaim a national emergency only after receiving a written recommendation from:

    (a) Prime Minister

    (b) Cabinet

    (c) Vice President

    (d) Rajya Sabha Chairman

    51. Consider the following statements.

    1. IRNSS is an Independent regional navigation satellite system being developed by India.

    2. IRNSS will provide Standard Positioning Service (SPS) only.

    3. IRNSS satellites revolve round the earth at the height of about 18,000 km from the earth's surface.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    (a) 1 only 

    (b) 1 and3

    (c) 2 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    52. Consider the following statements about NISAR

    1. Its purpose is to measure the changes on earth’s land surface, ice surface, glaciers, earthquakes and volcanoes.

    2. The data will be used to understand climate change and predict natural disasters.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    (a) 1 only

    (b) 2 only

    (c) Both

    (d) None

    53. Consider the following statements about GSLV Mk3

    1. It can carry up to 4500 to 5000 kg satellites.

    2. It is a 4 stage vehicle.

    3. It will use cryogenic engine and not solid and liquid propellants.

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    (a) 1 only

    (b) 3 only

    (c) 2 and 3 only

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    54. Which of the following is not regarded as the cause of land degradation?

    (a) Deforestation

    (b) Depletion of Ozone layer

    (c) Agricultural Mismanagement

    (d) Industrialisation

    55. Consider the following statements

    1. Radioactive compounds, oxides of sulphur and nitrogen are primary pollutants.

    2. Peroxyacylnitrate (PAN) and Ozone are secondary pollutants.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    56. Consider the following statements

    1. The Biological Demand for oxygen is directly proportional to the quantity of discharge of waste in water bodies.

    2. Increase in water temperature decreases dissolved oxygen in water which adversely affects aquatic life.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    57. Which of the following Constitutes Eco-industrial revolution?

    1. Recycling or reutilizing most of the industrial waste

    2. Networking of different industries in complex resource exchange web

    3. Strive for higher efficiency of energy and resource use.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    58. An important characteristic of the low latitude rainforest is

    (a) Less number of species of trees

    (b) Large number of species of trees

    (c) Soil is rich in organic matter

    (d) None

    59. When the feeding relationship in a natural ecosystem becomes complicated, this situation is called

    (a) Ecological Pyramid   

    (b) Ecological Relationship  

    (c) Food Web   

    (d) None

    60. Which of the following are limitations of dam?

    1. Reduce river silting below the dam.

    2. Increase water pollution on account of reduced water flow.

    3. Change physico-chemical quality of water.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    61. Recently, the Government has started “Blue Flag” Certification for beaches in India. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1. “Blue Flag” Certification has been launched a pilot project for beach cleanup and development.

    2. Under the pilot programme, each of the coastal State/UT was requested to identify/nominate a beach, to be funded through the ongoing Integrated Coastal Management Programme.

    3. All the coastal States have nominated the pilot beaches in their receptive territories including Goa.

    Which of the above statement is true?

    (a) 1 and 2

    (b) 2 and 3

    (c) 1 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    62. In order to improve access and quality of education in the country including rural areas, Government of India is implementing the centrally sponsored scheme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) in partnership with the State/UT Governments. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1. Under the "Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in schools" component of SSA, financial assistance is provided to the State/UT Governments for providing computer-aided learning to the secondary stage students in Government and Government aided secondary and higher secondary schools.

    2. The RMSA has provision for development and provision of educational e-content for the schools.

    3. Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), there is a provision of Innovation Fund for Computer Aided Learning (CAL) in Upper Primary Schools with special emphasis on Science and Mathematics.

    Which of the above statement is true?

    (a) 1 and 2

    (b) 2 and 3

    (c) 1 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    63. Which of the following statement is not true regarding the particulate matter?

    (a) Particulate matter or particle pollution is the general term for a mixture of only solid particles found in the air.

    (b) The minute particles like sulphates, nitrates, black carbon, particle-bound water, metals (cadmium, copper, nickel, zinc) and hydrocarbons constitute the particulate matter.

    (c) PM2.5 is fine inhalable particles of size 2.5 micrometres and smaller.

    (d) Continuous exposure to PM can cause asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and any type of bronchitis.

    64. In which of the following country world’s first artificial intelligence politician has been developed?

    (a) USA

    (b) New Zealand

    (c) China

    (d) Singapore

    65. Consider the following statements regarding the objective of “Shared Infrastructure for Solar Parks Project” for this India has signed a Loan agreement of USD 100 Million with World Bank:

    1. One of the objectives of the project is to increase solar generation capacity through the establishment of large-scale parks in the country.

    2. The project will help establish large-scale solar parks and support the government’s plan to install 100 Gigawatts (GW) of solar power out of a total renewable-energy target of 175 GW by 2022.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    66. Which of the following Institutions are “The Bretton Woods System”?

    (a) IMF and WTO

    (b) IMF and World Bank

    (c) WTO and World Bank

    (d) IBRD and IDA

    67. Consider the following statements regarding the effects of inflation on an economy:

    I. There are multi-dimensional effects of inflation on an economy both at the micro and macro levels.

    II. Inflation redistributes wealth from creditors to debtors i.e. lenders suffer and borrowers benefit out of inflation.

    III. Rising inflation indicates rising aggregate demand and indicates comparatively lower supply and higher purchasing capacity among the consumers.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) I and III

    (d) All of the above

    68. Consider the following statements regarding the concept of term ‘ Globalisation’:

    I. Globalisation is generally termed as ‘an increase in economic integration among nations’.

    II. The globalisation lasted from 1800 to almost 1930, interrupted by the Great Depression and the two Wars which led to retrenchment and several trade barriers were erected since early 1930s.

    III. The concept was popularised by the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in the mid-1980s again after the Wars.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) II and III

    (d) All of the above

    69. Insider Trading refers to

    (a) Trading of goods within the country

    (b) Sale and purchase of shares of a company by its own promoter.

    (c) Trading of shares by individuals with potential access to non-public information about the company.

    (d) Sale of goods produced by the foreign investors inside the home economy

    70. Which of the following statements are correct about NITI Aayog?

    (1) Prime Minister is the Chairman of Aayog.

    (2) Policy making involves bottom-up approach.

    (3) It has representations from states.

    Codes

    (a) 1 and 2 only

    (b) 2 and 3 only

    (c) 1 and 3 only

    (d) All of these

    71. Which of the following is/are true about Kaveri River?

    1.  Its upper catchment receives rainfall during Northeast monsoon and lower catchment receives from southwest monsoon.

    2. Majority of Kaveri basin lies in Tamil Nadu.

    3. Kabini is important tributary of Kaveri.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    72. Which of the following is/are important ranges of Eastern Ghats?

    1. Cardomom hills

    2. Javadi hills

    3. Nallamalla hills

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    73. Through which of the following states tropic of cancer passes?

    1. Uttar Pradesh

    2. Mizoram

    3. Jharkand

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    74. In the atmosphere much of the oxygen is produced by, which of the following?

    1. Transpiration

    2. Respiration

    3. Photosynthesis

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    75. With reference to Plate boundaries, which of the following is/are true?

    1. New crust is generated in convergent boundaries.

    2. Convergent boundaries happen only between two continental plates.

    3. In divergent boundaries one crust is destroyed by the other.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) None

    76. Who among the following was associated with the Heraka religious movement?

    (a) Rani Gaidinliu

    (b) J.M. Sengupta

    (c) Aruna Asaf Ali

    (d) None of the above

    77. Consider the following statements regarding the powers of Governor after Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms:

    1. Under this system, some subjects, such as finance and law and order, were called „reserved‟ subjects and remained under the direct control of the Governor.

    2. The Governor remained with partial control over the finances after Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms.

    3. The Governor could, moreover, overrule the ministers on any grounds that he considered special.

    Which of the above statement is true?

    (a) 1 and 2

    (b) 2 and 3

    (c) 1 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    78.The writ mandamus is available against which of the following

    Government

    Inferior courts

    Administrative tribunals

    Person incharge of public duty

    Select the correct statements from the following codes

    (a) Only 4

    (b) Only 2 and 4

    (c) Only 1, 3 and 4

    (d) 1,2,3 and 4

    79. Which of the following is not true regarding fundamental rights?

    (a) Fundamental rights are borrowed from American constitution by constituent assembly of Indi(a)

    (b) They are essential for political progress.

    (c) Right to life is individual rights.

    (d) Right to constitutional remedies is group rights

    80. Which of the following is true about preamble?

    1. It is not enforceable by courts.

    2. It is part of constitution.

    3. Preamble enshrines narrow objectives of governments.

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) 1 and 2 only

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    81. Consider the following statement about the various Cut Motions:

    1) Cut Motions can be moved in both the houses.

    2) Token Cut means “demand to be reduced by a Rs 100”.

    3) Economy Cut means “demand to be reduced by a specific amount”.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    a) 1 and 2 only

    b) 2 and 3 only

    c) 1 only

    d) 1,2 and 3

    82. Which of the following statements is true regarding the representatives of states in Rajya Sabha:

    I. The representatives of states in the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of state legislative assemblies.

    II. The election of representatives of states is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

    III. The seats are allotted to the states in the Rajya Sabha on the basis of population.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) I and III

    (d) All of the above

    83. Which of the following factors of human population posing danger to the environment:

    (a) the number of people

    (b) the impact of each person on the environment

    (c) both I and II

    (d) Neither I nor II

    84. With reference to functions of forest, which of the following are regulative nature?

    1. Absorption, storage and release of radiant energy

    2. Absorption, storage and release of minerals

    3. Role in biogeochemical cycles

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    85. Consider the following statements regarding the suggested measures to minimize global warming by reducing emission of green house gases especially carbon dioxides:

    I. Increased fuel efficiency of power plants and vehicles

    II. Development/implementation of solar energy/non-fossil fuel alternatives

    III. Halting deforestation

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    (a) Only I

    (b) I and II

    (c) II and III

    (d) All of the above

    86. The Indian government has started conservation projects of which of the following species?

    (a) Hungal

    (b) Crocodiles

    (c) Tiger

    (d) All of the above

    87. Which of the following premier institutes in India has developed a novel drug-delivery system that releases a commonly used pain killer (diclofenac sodium) at the target site in a controlled fashion?

    (a) Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru

    (b) IIT Hyderabad

    (c) National Institute of Cancer Prevention And Research, Noida

    (d) IIT Bombay

    88. Which statement best describes the objective of the Coal India’s New App “Grahak Sadak Koyla Vitaran App”?

    (a) This app is a step towards transparency in the system of loading programme and despatch.

    (b) The app also helps in logistics planning for the lifting of coal in tune with the loading programmes.

    (c) The app provides date-wise, truck-wise quantity of coal delivered against the Sale Orders.

    (d) All of the above

    89. Recently, the general elections to Legislative Assemblies of Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat were announced. Consider the following statements regarding the Media Coverage guidelines during the period referred to in Section 126 of RP Act, 1951:

    1. No person shall display to the public any election matter by means of cinematograph, television or other similar apparatus in any polling area during the period of forty-eight hours ending with the hour fixed for the conclusion of the poll for any election in the polling area.

    2. Any person who contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.

    Which of the above statement is true?

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    90. India’s first Ro-Ro ferry service was launched in Gujarat recently. What is meant by the RO-RO?

    (a) Roll On-Roll Off

    (b) Roam on-Raom Off

    (c) Ride On-Ride Off

    (d) Reach On-Reach Off

    91. India jumps 30 spots to 100 in ease of doing the business ranking for 2018. Which of the following international organisations has released the report on the ease of doing business?

    (a) World Economic Forum

    (b) World Bank

    (c) International Monetary Fund

    (d) Moody’s Corporation

    92. Recently, an initiative SAATHI has been started by the Government of India related with which of the following?

    (a) Commerce industry

    (b) Textile industry

    (c) Leather industry

    (d) Agriculture

    93. Which of the following types of inflation is ‘large and accelerating’?

    (a) Creeping inflation

    (b) Galloping inflation

    (c) Hyperinflation

    (d) None of the above

    94. Harvard scientists have developed a next-generation hybrid version of RoboBee that can fly, dive into water, swim, propel itself back out of the water, and land safely. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1. The RoboBee is 1,000 times lighter than any previous aerial-to-aquatic robot and could be used for numerous applications.

    2. This is the first micro-robot capable of repeatedly moving in and through complex environments.

    3. It can be used for search-and-rescue operations, environmental monitoring and biological studies.

    Which of the following above statements is true?

    (a) 1 and 2

    (b) 2 and 3

    (c) 1 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    95. With reference to metamorphism, which of the following is/are true?

    1. Metamorphism occurs when rocks are forced down to lower levels by tectonic processes

    2. When molten magma rising through the crust comes in contact with the crustal rocks

    3. When the underlying rocks are subjected to great amounts of pressure by overlying rocks.

    Choose correct statements from the following codes

    (a) Only 3

    (b) Only 1 and 3

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1, 2 and 3

    96. Consider the following statements

    1. All North Eastern states share boundary with foreign countries.

    2. Arunachal Pradesh is the only state which shares boundary with 3 countries.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    97. Which of the following is/are very high landslide vulnerable zones in India?

    1. Andaman and Nicobar

    2. Trans- Himalayan areas of Ladakh and Spiti

    3. Rain shadow areas in the Western Ghats

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) 1,2 and 3

    98. Which of the following is/are not Biological weathering?

    1. Cultivation.

    2. Burrowing by organism.

    3. Decaying of plants.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 1 and 2

    (c) Only 2 and 3

    (d) None

    99. Consider the following statements

    1. Biomes and biodiversity depend upon the depth of weathering.

    2. Weathering influences enrichment of certain valuable ores.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    (a) Only 1

    (b) Only 2

    (c) Both 1 and 2

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

    100. Which of the following primary mosquito that spreads the Zika virus?

    (a) Anopheles stephensi

    (b) Aedes aegypti

    (c) Aedes albopictus

    (d) All of the above

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