The IAS Prelims 2014 Exam is going to be conducted on 24 August 2014 by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The notification for the exam is scheduled to be released on 17 May 2014 which will mark the beginning of the examination process for 2014. The Syllabus of the IAS Prelims exam mentions Indian History under which Art and Culture is implicitly included. The IAS Prelims Exam consists of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II.
Understanding Art and Culture is very important for the civil servants, which is why it has been given the much needed weightage in the exam. The candidates need to know about the extremely diverse art and culture of our country which is a matter of great pride for all of us. The candidates, who are going to become the civil servants of the country, need to understand the varied cultures of the country in order to understand the cultural backdrop of the area and the people they intend to serve.
Studying Art and Culture also helps you get an idea about the diverse and highly prestigious cultural heritage of the country, which gives a sense of patriotism to the candidates. It helps the candidates know about the country’s religions, art forms, beliefs, architecture, dances, music, etc.
The social system of an area and its peoples is also integrally connected and intertwined with the culture of that area. It is very important for a Civil Servant to understand the social system of the area where she/he has to serve, which is why it is very essential to read about the culture of the country.
The Art and Culture topic is very important for the IAS Prelims exam as around 4-5 questions are asked every year from this section. Also, it is important to study Art and Culture for Prelims because it’ll help the candidates at the Mains stage also.
Some Previous years’ questions from Art and Culture section have been given below:
Q. With reference to the history of Indian rock-cut architecture, consider the following statements:
1. The caves at Badami are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India.
2. The Barabar rock-cut caves were originally made for Ajivikas by Emperor Chandragupta Maurya.
3. At Ellora, caves were made for different faiths.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Q. The Nagara, the Dravida and the Vesara are the
(a) Three main racial groups of the Indian subcontinent
(b) Three main linguistic divisions into which the languages of India can be classified
(c) Three main styles of Indian temple architecture
(d) Three main musical Gharanas prevalent in India
Q. Lord Buddha's image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called' Bhumisparsha Mudra'. It symbolizes
(a) Buddha's calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
(b) Buddha's calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara
(c) Buddha's reminder to his followers that they all arise from the earth and family dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory
(d) Both the statement (a) and (b) are correct in this context