IAS Prelims 2014 is going to be conducted on 24 August 2014 by the Union Public Service Commission which means that the candidates are left with barely 5 months for the exam preparation. The IAS Prelims Exam consists of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II (popularly called CSAT). The Syllabus of the IAS Prelims exam includes Indian Polity and Governance as one of the important topics. The candidates need to buck up now for the exam and need to understand the importance of Indian Polity and Governance.
Indian Polity is the study of the structure of the Government. The importance of Indian Polity and Governance lies in understanding the political and administrative system of the country. Under Indian Polity, the candidates study about the government machinery including the Union, State and Local level Administrative system. In order to understand the set up of the government from top to bottom, it is important to study Indian Polity.
The functioning of the Government and how it provides the services to the citizens is studied under the topic of Governance. Governance means the government at action or the manner of governing of a State.
It is necessary for the candidates who aspire to become civil servants of the country that they understand the skeleton of the government and how it functions. Indian Polity and Governance helps the candidates to understand the following:
• Important Constitutional provisions including Fundamental Rights (the negative obligations for the government) and Directive Principles (positive directions for the government)
• Parts of the Government and functions of each of them. These include the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary (the three pillars of the Government).
• Structure and Functioning of the Civil Services (this is absolutely indispensable for the aspiring civil servants)
• Other important constitutional bodies and how they help in running the government
• Financial Governance including Budget procedure
• Emergency provisions given in the constitution
• Centre-state relations
• Electoral process of the country
The section of Indian Polity and Governance is extremely important for the IAS Prelims exam point of view as 12-15 questions on an average are asked from this section in the Exam. This makes it an indispensable part of the exam preparation.
Some previous years’ questions are given below:
Q. What will follow if a Money Bill is substantially amended by the Rajya Sabha?
(a) The Lok Sabha may still proceed with the Bill, accepting or not accepting the recommendations of the Rajya Sabha
(b) The Lok Sabha cannot consider the Bill further
(c) The Lok Sabha may send the Bill to the Rajya Sabha for reconsideration
(d) The President may call a joint sitting for passing the Bill
Which one of the following statements is correct?
Q. In the Parliament of India, the purpose of an adjournment motion is
(a) To allow a discussion on a definite matter of urgent public importance
(b) To let opposition members collect information from the ministers
(c) To allow a reduction of specific amount in demand for grant
(d) To postpone the proceedings to check the inappropriate or violent behavior on the part of some members
Q. The authorization for the withdrawal of funds from the Consolidated Fund of India must come from
(a) The President of India
(b) The Parliament of India
(c) The Prime Minister of India
(d) The Union Finance Minister