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IAS Prelims 2014: Why to prepare Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability

Mar 11, 2014 12:40 IST

    IAS Prelims 2014 Exam is barely five months away as it is going to be conducted on 24 August 2014. The Exam is divided into two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II (CSAT). Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability forms an important component of the IAS Prelims Syllabus.

    Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) was introduced in the year 2011 and since its introduction the General Studies Paper II has become a matter of concern for most of the candidates. The introduction of Logical Reasoning for the IAS Prelims Exam is a move from the traditional factual and theory based exam to a more logical and analytical one.

    The section of Logical reasoning is of immense importance to the candidates preparing for Civil Services as this section tests the ability of the person to read a problem, analyse it logically while applying reason. This measures the basic intellect and mental ability of the candidates which is an essential trait that must be present in a civil servant.  It tests the ability of the candidates to analyse and process given statements and draw conclusions from the same, by applying pure reason and logic.

    The importance of this topic for the candidates also stems from the fact that almost 20-25 questions are asked from this section consistently since the time CSAT has been introduced.

    Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability is critical from the exam point of view as this is a newer area which was introduced with the CSAT (Civil Service Aptitude Test). The candidates are not well acquainted with this topic and not much study material is available to the candidates for the preparation of Logical Reasoning. The type and pattern of the questions is also unpredictable as only three years’ question papers are available as a sample.

    Candidates can refer their exam preparation related doubts and queries to IAS Group of Myjosh.

    Some previous years questions are given below:

    Q. Consider the following statements:
    I. A primary group is relatively smaller in size.
    II. Intimacy is an essential characteristic of a primary group.
    III. A family may be an example of a primary group.
    In the light of the above statements, which one of the following is true?
    a) All families are primary groups.
    b) All primary groups are families.
    c) A group of smaller size is always a primary group.
    d) Members of a primary group know each other intimately.
    Answer: d

    Q. Consider the following statements:  
    1. All artists are whimsical.
    2. Some artists are drug addicts.
    3. Frustrated people are prone to become drug addicts.
    From the above three statements it may be concluded that
    (a) Artists are frustrated.
    (b) Some drug addicts are whimsical.
    (c) All frustrated people are drug addicts.
    (d) Whimsical people are generally frustrated.
    Answer: b

    Q. Consider the following argument:
    "In, order to be a teacher one must graduate from college. All poets are poor. Some Mathematicians are poets. No college graduate is poor."
    Which one of the following is not a valid conclusion regarding the above argument?
    (a) Some Mathematicians are not teachers.
    (b) Some teachers are not Mathematicians.
    (c) Teachers are not poor.
    (d) Poets are not teachers.
    Answer: b

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