IAS Preliminary exam is going to be conducted on 24th August, 2014. The candidates must be studying very hard in order to complete the syllabus in time. But, one thing is to be kept in mind that the IAS Preliminary examination is as much about perspective building as it is about hard work.
Perspective refers to a way of thinking about something. It is a sensible way of judging how important something is in relation to other things.
Perspective building for IAS means developing a mindset to look at each topic in a certain manner that would enable the candidate to read those areas that’ll help tackle the kind of questions that are asked in the examination.
The candidates need to have the right perspective to look at the topics that they are reading. Having the right perspective for preparation for IAS prelims helps the candidates make the best utilization of time by focusing on the areas that are relatively more important.
This can be done by first looking at few of the previous years’ question paper and then analyzing them in order to understand what kind of questions are being asked by the UPSC in IAS Prelims 2014 Examination.
While reading any particular topic, the candidate should first ask himself questions about the topic like, “what?”,”why?”, “how?”, “where?”, etc. While reading the topic, the candidate must try to find answers to all those questions. The questions that remain unanswered should be searched for on the internet. Also, internet should be used to read about the current developments related to that topic. This way you’ll be able to answer most of the questions that could be asked in the exam from that topic.
Let’s take the example of “Communicable diseases”. The various aspects that should immediately come to your mind are: “What are communicable diseases? What causes them? What are the various types of microbes causing them? What are the different communicable diseases that affect humans? What are their causal agents? How are they transmitted? How can they be prevented and cured? What have been the prominent instances of outbreak of such diseases in various parts of the world? And so on.”
Another example can be the topic of “soils” in Indian and World Geography. The questions that should come to your mind hearing the topic “soils” are: “What is a soil? What are the properties of soils? What are the various soil horizons? How are the soils formed? What are the different types of soils that can be found in India and the world? What are the characteristics of various types of soils? What are the areas where a particular soil can be found? What are the various issues related to soil and how to deal with them? And so on.”
Next comes the inter relation part. As the candidate reads a topic, he/she must try to relate it with the topics he/she has read before. This would help in better understanding of things and in remembering the topics in a better manner.
For example, when you read the topic “soils of India”, you must try to relate it with the topics “Physiographic regions of India” and “climate of India”. Similarly, when you read the “Biomes of the world”, you should relate it with “Climate of the world” and “soils of the world”.
This way, the candidate would get a firm grip over all the aspects of a topic and would eventually be able to tackle almost all the questions that would be asked in the IAS Prelims exam.Having the right approach for studying topics is important in order to make sure that your effort doesn’t get wasted and bears the best fruits for you.