Questions asked from Ancient Indian History section in IAS Prelims Exam are quite easy but the Civil Services aspirants need to memorise well before appearing in the exam. The Civil Services aspirants should have balanced preparation of overall three sections i.e. Ancient, Medieval and Modern, of the History and its chronology is one of the most important parts of the subject history which enable candidates to memorise well the every important aspects of history.
Following Chapter-wise Multiple Choice Questions of Ancient Indian History would help Civil Services aspirants in understanding the nature of questions asked in IAS Prelims Exam.
BRICKS, BEADS AND BONES: The Harappan Civilisation
The Harappan seal is possibly the most distinctive artefact of the Harappan or Indus valley civilisation. Made of a stone called steatite, seals like this one often contain animal motifs and signs from a script that remains undeciphered. Yet we know a great deal about the lives of the people who lived in the region from what they left behind – their houses, pots, ornaments, tools and seals – in other words, from archaeological evidence. Let us see what we know about the Harappan civilisation, and how we know about it.
KINGS, FARMERS AND TOWNS: Early States and Economies
There were several developments in different parts of the subcontinent during the long span of 1,500 years following the end of the Harappan civilisation. This was also the period during which the Rigveda was composed by people living along the Indus and its tributaries. Agricultural settlements emerged in many parts of the subcontinent, including north India, the Deccan Plateau, and parts of Karnataka.
Questions for the Early States and Economies
KINSHIP, CASTE AND CLASS: Early Societies
In the previous chapter we saw that there were several changes in economic and political life between c. 600 BCE and 600 CE. Some of these changes influenced societies as well. For instance, the extension of agriculture into forested areas transformed the lives of forest dwellers; craft specialists often emerged as distinct social groups; the unequal distribution of wealth sharpened social differences.
In this chapter we shall go on a long journey across a thousand years to read about philosophers and their attempts to understand the world they inhabited. We will also see how their ideas were compiled as oral and written texts as well as expressed in architecture and sculpture. These are indicative of the enduring influence these thinkers had on people. While we will be focusing on Buddhism, it is important to remember that this tradition did not develop in isolation – there were several other traditions, each engaged in debates and dialogues with the others.