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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 16 March 2018

Mar 16, 2018 15:35 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 16 March 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 16 March 2018

    Current affairs quizzes for IAS Prelims Exam given in this article have been created from the recent events of national and international importance. In IAS Prelims Exam 2018, there is a greater chance of asking such questions based on the current events.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) has released the report titled 'Fostering Effective Energy Transition' ranking. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. India has ranked 78th position in Energy Transition Index while Sweden topped in the list of 114 countries.
    2. Among India's emerging market peers, Brazil stood at the 38th place, Russia at 70th and China at 76th place.
    3. Between 2013 and 2018, India improved its performance score by 5.6 per cent, mainly with improved energy access, reduced subsidies and reduced import costs.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The World Economic Forum’s (WEF) on March 15, 2018, released the report titled 'Fostering Effective Energy Transition', ranking 114 countries on how well they are able to balance energy security and access with environmental sustainability and affordability.

    The report's Energy Transition Index ranked India at the 78th position. The Index was topped by Sweden.

    Key points of the report:

    • The Energy Transition Index was topped by Sweden, followed by Norway at the second position and Switzerland at the third.

    • Rounding out the Top 10 were Finland (4th), Denmark (5th), the Netherlands (6th), the United Kingdom (7th), Austria (8th), France (9th) and Iceland (10th).

    • Among India's emerging market peers, Brazil stood at the 38th place, Russia at 70th and China at 76th place.

     

    2. Recently, the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Solutions Network has published the World Happiness Report 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. India ranked 133rd on the list while India stood far behind Pakistan (75th Rank) in the global list of the happiest countries.
    2. This year's World Happiness Index ranked Finland as the happiest country in the world.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Solutions Network on March 14, 2018, published the World Happiness Report 2018.

    The Report comprises the World Happiness Index, a landmark survey to know the state of global happiness. It ranked 156 countries by their happiness levels and 117 countries by the happiness of their immigrants.

    This year's World Happiness Index ranked Finland as the happiest country in the world.

    Highlights of the World Happiness Index 2018

    • In addition to the usual ranking of the levels and changes in happiness around the world, the main focus of the 2018 World Happiness Report was also on migration within and between the countries.

    • The overall ranking of a country's happiness is based on the collective results from Gallup World Poll Surveys from 2015-2017, which show both- change and stability.

    • The top ten positions in the Index are held by the same countries as in the last two years, although with some swapping of places.

    • Land of skiing, saunas and Santa Claus, Finland emerged as the happiest place to live in.

    India's Rank in the World Happiness Index 2018

    India ranked 133rd on the list, far behind terror-ravaged Pakistan (75th Rank) in the global list of the happiest countries. India slipped 11 places from the 122nd position last year.

    It ranked behind the majority of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Nations, apart from Afghanistan, that stood at 145th position. While the countries like Bhutan was ranked at 97th, Bangladesh at 115th, Nepal at 101st, Sri Lanka at 116th and China at 86th.

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    3. Recently, Union Cabinet has approved a MoU between India, Iran on cooperation in Traditional Medicine. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The MoU will enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the areas of Traditional as well as modern Systems of Medicine.
    2. India and Iran have a huge biodiversity and are home to rare medicinal plants that are frequently used in Traditional Systems of Medicine.
    3. This will be of immense importance to both countries considering their shared cultural heritage.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Cabinet approves MoU between India, Iran on cooperation in Traditional Medicine

    Highlights of the signed MoU:

    • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 14, 2018, approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between India and Iran in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine.

    • The MoU will enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the areas of Traditional Systems of Medicine.

    • This will be of immense importance to both countries considering their shared cultural heritage.

    • India and Iran have a huge biodiversity and are home to rare medicinal plants that are frequently used in Traditional Systems of Medicine.

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    4. Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has announced the launch of program ‘LaQshya’. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The programme aimed at improving quality of care in labour room and maternity Operation Theatre (OT).
    2. The Program will improve quality of care for pregnant women in labour room, maternity Operation Theatre and Obstetrics Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and High Dependency Units (HDUs).
    3. ‘LaQshya’ will reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality, improve quality of care during delivery and immediate post-partum period and enhance the satisfaction of beneficiaries and provide Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) to all pregnant women attending public health facilities.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has recently announced the launch of program ‘LaQshya’, aimed at improving quality of care in labour room and maternity Operation Theatre (OT). The Program will improve quality of care for pregnant women in labour room, maternity Operation Theatre and Obstetrics Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and High Dependency Units (HDUs). The LaQshya program is being implemented at all Medical College Hospitals, District Hospitals and First Referral Unit (FRU), and Community Health Center (CHCs) and will benefit every pregnant woman and new-born delivering in public health institutions.

    ‘LaQshya’ will reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality, improve quality of care during delivery and immediate post-partum period and enhance the satisfaction of beneficiaries and provide Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) to all pregnant women attending public health facilities.

    The Program aims at implementing ‘fast-track’ interventions for achieving tangible results within 18 months. Under the initiative, a multi-pronged strategy has been adopted such as improving infrastructure up-gradation, ensuring availability of essential equipment, providing adequate human resources, capacity building of health care workers and improving quality processes in the labour room.

    IAS Exam 2018: All You Need Know

    5. The Government of India is in the process of formulating a Scheme ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Maha Abhiyan (KUSUM). Consider the following statements regarding this:
    a. Under the scheme, installation of grid-connected solar power plants each of capacity up to 2 MW in the rural areas
    b. Installation of standalone off-grid solar water pumps to fulfil irrigation needs of farmers not connected to the grid

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Government of India is in the process of formulating a Scheme ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Maha Abhiyan (KUSUM)’ which, inter alia, provides for:

    (i) Installation of grid-connected solar power plants each of capacity up to 2 MW in the rural areas;

    (ii) Installation of standalone off-grid solar water pumps to fulfil irrigation needs of farmers not connected to the grid;

    (iii) Solarisation of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also enable them to sell surplus solar power generated to DISCOM and get extra income; and

    (iv) Solarisation of tube-wells and lift irrigation projects of the Government sector.

    The details on funds and mode of implementation will be decided on approval of the Scheme.

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