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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 2 February 2018

Feb 2, 2018 14:14 IST
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 2 February 2018
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 2 February 2018

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Consider the following statements related to the Ashgabat Agreement in which India joined recently.
    1) Oman, Iran, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are the founding members of the agreement.
    2) Pakistan and Kazakhstan are already members of the agreement.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    India on February 1, 2018 joined the Ashgabat Agreement. The agreement envisages the establishment of an international transport and transit corridor linking Central Asia to the Persian Gulf to significantly ramp up trade and investment.

    The agreement was originally signed on April 25, 2011, among the four founding members - Iran, Oman, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan with an aim to set up a trade and transit corridor between them.

    India’s accession to the agreement will come into force on February 3, 2018. India had deposited the Instrument of Accession with Turkmenistan in April 2016 after receiving approval from the Union Cabinet. This will would enable India to utilise the transportation and transit corridor to facilitate trade and commercial interaction with the Eurasian region. Further, this would synchronise with India’s efforts to implement the International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC) for enhanced connectivity.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. In his FY 2018-19 budget speech, finance minister Arun Jaitley announced that a tunnel would be constructed through the Sela Pass. The pass is located in____
    a) Arunachal Pradesh
    b) Jammu and Kashmir
    c) Sikkim
    d) Uttarakhand

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    To give a boost to defense preparedness in border areas, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on February 1, 2018 announced that a tunnel would be constructed through the Sela Pass in Arunachal Pradesh. He made the announcement while presenting the FY 2018-19 budget in the Lok Sabha.

    The Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley announced while presenting the Union Budget 2018 that the government would be building a tunnel through the Sela Pass in Arunachal Pradesh.

    The construction of the tunnel will ensure faster movement of troops in Tawang, a strategically- located town in Arunachal Pradesh bordering China. Prior to this, the government completed the construction of the Rohtang tunnel in an effort to provide all weather connectivity in the Ladakh region. Recently, the government has also initiated the construction of the Zozila Pass tunnel in Jammu and Kashmir.

    Some of the other important passes in Arunachal Pradesh are Bomdila, Bum La, Tunga and Dihang.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Consider the following statements related to ‘SkyRev360’ that was in the news recently.
    a) It has been jointly developed by the Air Ports Authority of India (AAI) and International Air Transport Association (IATA).
    b) It seeks to make air transportation more faster, cleaner and secure.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    In January 2018, the India and Laos signed a civil aviation cooperation agreement for providing SkyRev360 services. The agreement was signed between the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and Lao Air Traffic Management, Department of Civil Aviation.

    Primarily, SkyRev360 automates data processing, helping air navigation service providers overcome strenuous manual processes which are prone to mistakes. It has been jointly developed by the Air Ports Authority of India (AAI) and International Air Transport Association (IATA) as part of the Make In India initiative. It was launched in February 2017.

    Key features of SkyRev360

    Data gathering and processing module: SkyRev360 can ensure the essential data for your invoices is always the latest and most complete.

    Invoicing module: The system maintains all account attributes and allows for an extensive view of associated data, including aircraft specifications, flight movements, billing ledger records, etc.

    Collection: All collections are managed by the IATA Enhancement & Financing Services (E&F) process, which offers efficiencies and automation to ANSPs and airlines by settling through IATA Settlement Systems.

    Airline queries: The IATA team handles all queries and disputes related to billing and collection from your air operators.

    Dashboard and reports: Incident reports, airspace usage, traffic volumes, economic values and more are always at your fingertips.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Recently, the Chief Justice of India (CJI) recommended for the ‘impeachment’ of Justice Narayan Shukla of Allahabad High Court. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1) The removal procedure of judges of the supreme court and high courts from the office is the same under the Constitution of India.
    2) A judge of the supreme court or a high court is removed from office by an order of the President.
    3) The grounds for removal of judges from the office are not mentioned in the Constitution of India.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    In January 2018, the Chief Justice of India (CJI) Dipak Misra recommended the impeachment of Justice Narayan Shukla of the Allahabad High Court, following an adverse report about him by an in-house panel set up by the CJI. In this regard, the CJI has a written letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It should be noted that the constitution mentions ‘proved misbehaviour’ or ‘incapacity’ as the grounds of removal of a judge.

    Justice Narayan Shukla’s orders in the cases of blacklisted private medical colleges in Lucknow had come under the scanner of a supreme court bench head by the CJI. On 23 November 2017, the CJI, in a 14-page judgment, held that the Division Bench led by Justice Shukla had abandoned “the concept of judicial propriety” and transgressed judicial rules to “proceed on a path where it was not required to.”

    The Removal procedure of a judge of the supreme court is governed primarily by the Art. 124 (4). The same procedure is also applicable to high court judges as mentioned under the 217(1)(b).

    Art. 124 (4): A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after an address by each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two thirds of the members of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Consider the following statements related to ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming’ that was in the news recently.
    a) In this farming method, chemical and organic fertilizers are equally used.
    b) In India, the farming method first evolved in Karanataka.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. b

    Explanation:

    The ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming’ (ZBNF) was in the news in January 2018 as the Government of Himachal Pradesh, launched a project to promote organic farming by using the ZBNF method. It has attained wide success in southern States in India, especially in Karnataka, where it first evolved.

    Key features of Zero Budget Natural Farming

    • The word ‘budget’ refers to credit and expenses, thus the phrase 'Zero Budget' means without using any credit, and without spending any money on purchased inputs. 'Natural farming' means farming with Nature and without chemicals.

    • The ZBNF promises to end a reliance on loans and drastically cut production costs, ending the debt cycle for desperate farmers.

    • The movement in Karnataka state was born out of collaboration between Mr Subhash Palekar, who put together the ZBNF practices, and the state farmers association Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha (KRRS).

    • It has four pillars. They are jeevamrutha (fermented microbial culture), beejamrutha (treatment used for seeds), acchadana (mulching) and whapasa (moisture).

    • Other important principles of ZBNF are intercropping, contours and bunds, using local species of earthworms and cow dung.

    • ZBNF works not just in agronomic terms, but also brings about a variety of social and economic benefits.

    • As per the  Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), a majority of respondents reported that by adopting ZBNF, over time, they saw improvements in yield, soil conservation, seed diversity, quality of produce, household food autonomy, income, and health.

    Economic Survey 2017-18: Analysis and Questions

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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