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75th anniversary of Hiroshima atomic bombing observed in Japan

All the participants, most of them dressed in black and wearing face masks, offered a silent prayer at exactly 8:15 am, the time when the first nuclear bomb was dropped over Hiroshima.

Aug 6, 2020 21:11 IST
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Japan marked the 75th anniversary of the Hiroshima atomic bomb attack on August 6, 2020. The ceremonies to remember the victims were scaled back due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The main event was held at Hiroshima, which saw in attendance survivors and relatives of the victims and few foreign dignitaries. All those in attendance prayed for those killed and wounded during the horrific nuclear bombing and called for world peace. 

The event is usually opened for the general public but this year it was broadcasted online instead to stop the spread of the virus. 

Key Highlights 

All the participants, most of them dressed in black and wearing face masks, offered a silent prayer at exactly 8:15 am, the time when the first nuclear bomb was dropped over the city during the Second World war.

The participants also carried water for the atomic bomb victims at the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima.

Speaking at the event, Hiroshima mayor Kazumi Matsui warned against the nationalism that led to World War II and urged the world to come together to face global threats like COVID pandemic. The mayor also stressed that we must never allow this painful past to repeat itself. 

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe also pledged on the occasion to do his best to realise a world without nuclear weapons and peace for all time.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres also addressed the gathering through a video message, in which he warned that the only way to eliminate nuclear risk is to eliminate nuclear weapons. 

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The United States dropped two nuclear bombs “Little Boy and “Fat Man” over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945 respectively during the Second World War. The nuclear bombings reportedly killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were civilians.

The atomic bomb attack on Hiroshima alone is reported to have killed around 1,40,000 people, many of them instantly, with others died in the following weeks and months after suffering from devastating burns, other injuries and radiation sickness. 

The atomic bombing of Nagasaki reportedly killed around 74,000 people. The two bombings impacted the population of the regions for generations as radiation caused many of them to have psychological, physical problems and life-threatening diseases like cancer. 

The dropping of the two atomic bombs is the only time when nuclear weapons were used during an armed conflict. The bombings serve as a reminder till date of how much devastation the usage of nuclear weapons can cause to a nation. 

On August 15, 1945, just a few days after the nuclear bombings, Japan that was a part of the Axis powers surrendered to the Allied powers, which included the US, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and France. 
Japan’s surrender effectively brought an end to World War II. The survivors of the bombings, most of whom were infants or young children work to keep the memory of the bombings alive and call for a worldwide ban on nuclear weapons.

 

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एग्जाम की तैयारी के लिए ऐप पर वीकली टेस्ट लें और दूसरों के साथ प्रतिस्पर्धा करें। डाउनलोड करें करेंट अफेयर्स ऐप

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