Assam NRC: Supreme Court orders resumption of filing of claims from September 25

Sep 19, 2018 21:08 IST
Assam NRC: Supreme Court orders resumption of filing of claims from September 25

The Supreme Court on September 19, 2018 ordered resumption of filing of claims and objections by around 40 lakh people who were left out in the draft National Register of Citizens (NRC) of Assam.

A bench comprising Justices Ranjan Gogoi amd R F Nariman said the process of filing claims and objections by the people who have been left out will commence on September 25, 2018 and will remain open for the next 60 days.

The apex court granted this second opportunity to the citizens keeping in mind the "magnitude" of the issue.

The bench will now hear the matter on October 23, 2018 and has sought the view of Prateek Hajela, coordinator of Assam NRC on stance of the central government with regard to applicability and non-applicability of certain documents for inclusion of names in the NRC.

The draft Assam NRC was published in July 2018.

National Register of Citizens of Assam

The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list that contains names of Indian citizens of Assam.

Assam, which had faced influx of people from Bangladesh since the early 20th century, is the only state having an NRC, which was first prepared in 1951.

The recently updated draft of the NRC includes the names of Indian citizens who have been residing in Assam before March 25, 1971.

First Draft of NRC

The first draft of the NRC for Assam was published on December 31, 2017 and it incorporated the names of 1.9 crore people out of the total 3.29 crore applicants.

The top court had earlier said that the claims of those citizens, whose names do not figure in the draft NRC for Assam published on December 31, 2017 would be scrutinised and included in the subsequent list, if found genuine.

Final Draft of NRC

The Assam government on July 30, 2018 released the second and final draft of the state’s National Register of Citizens (NRC).

As per the Draft, the total number of persons included in the list is 2,89,83,677 leaving a total of 40,70,707 as ineligible for inclusion. Out of 40,70,707 names, 37,59,630  names have been rejected and 2,48,077 names are kept on hold.

Assam NRC: Timeline


First-ever NRC of India published


Anti-foreigners’ movement started in Assam

January 1980

AASU submitted the first memorandum demanding updating of NRC

August 14, 1985

Historic Assam Accord was signed


AASU submitted modalities to update NRC to Centre as well State Government


Centre took the first formal decision to update the NRC as per the Assam Accord


In the presence of then PM Manmohan Singh, the resolution was adopted to update the NRC within September 2007


Assam Public Work, an NGO filed a case in Supreme Court claiming that 41 lakh foreigners were included in the electoral rolls of Assam

April 2010

Then Union Home Secretary held a tripartite meeting to conduct a pilot project to update NRC in Barpeta and Chaygaon revenue circles

July 2010

Chaygaon pilot project was successful; however, violence halted the Barpeta project.

2010 onwards

After Barpeta violence, AASU and 26 other ethnic organisations started joint movement for NRC update


NRC authorities were given the deadline of December 31, 2015 to complete the NRC update

December 31, 2015

Deadline set by SC to publish the NRC was missed and since then the apex Court has been constantly monitoring the update

Mid 2017

Supreme Court had set December 31, 2017 deadline for publication of draft NRC

December 31, 2017

First draft of the NRC for Assam was published

July 30, 2018

Second and final draft of the state’s National Register of Citizens (NRC) was published


August 1, 2018

Supreme Court ruled that the Assam NRC was only a draft, and hence it cannot be the basis of any action by any authority against anyone.

August 1, 2018

The Chief Election Commissioner OP Rawat clarified that the electoral roll is governed by a separate law and exclusion from the final NRC would not mean “automatic removal” from Assam’s voters’ list.

August 17, 2018

The Supreme Court asked the Assam National Register of Citizens (NRC) coordinator to submit the data of district-wise percentage of the population excluded from the NRC draft in the state.

September 5, 2018

Supreme court had ordered that any one of the 10 of a total 15 documents provided in List-A of the NRC claim form can be used by the claimants to prove legacy.


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