Ayodhya Verdict: What ASI found in Ayodhya?

Ayodhya verdict and ASI findings: The Supreme Court has said on the basis of ASI report that the mosque was not built on vacant land. At the same time, the court said in its decision based on the ASI report that there is no strong information about the demolition of the temple and building a mosque.

Created On: Nov 11, 2019 15:48 IST
Image: wsj.com
Image: wsj.com

Ayodhya verdict and ASI findings: The  Supreme Court has said on the basis of the report of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) that the mosque was not built on vacant land. The five-judge constitutional bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, in a unanimous verdict, said that there is no strong evidence about breaking the temple and building a mosque.

As per the Supreme Court's verdict disputed Ayodhya site belongs to Hindus, and 5 acres of land to be given to Sunni Waqf Board. The Supreme Court said that the demolition was a violation of law and order. The court said that ownership cannot be given on the basis of faith and trust.

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi said in the verdict that ASI excavation has found proofs of Hindu structure. SC said that Hindus were used to offer prayers before 1856 in the premises. It was also said that when Hindus were not allowed to worship inside the structure they started offering prayers outside the main structure.

ASI’s Ayodhya Excavation

Archeological Survey of India (ASI) excavated the disputed site for investigation on the directions of the Allahabad High court. There were two excavations conducted at the disputed Ayodhya site, first in 1976-77 and then in 2003. The ASI submitted evidence in the court found in the excavation of 2003. ASI started excavation on the disputed land on the directives of Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court. ASI conducted Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey to save mosque from demolition. The excavation project was conducted between 12 March 2003 to 7 August 2003. This task was completed with the help of a company named Tojo Development International.

ASI Findings in Ayodhya

• ASI excavations have found remains dating back to the 13th century BC. Among the ruins found in the excavations are the remains of the Kushan and Shung periods to the Gupta period and the early middle ages.
• It was said in the report that a platform of 15x15 meters was also found in the excavation that resembles some important object was placed in the centre of this platform.
• The circular temple was believed to be from the 7th to the 10th century. The structure of 50 meters north-south building of the early 11-12th century was found. There was one more structure of another huge building was found whose floor was made in three attempts.
• According to the ASI report, the disputed structure (mosque) was built in the 16th century on top of the ruins of this building.
• ASI found 50 pillars in its excavations which is located right under the Gumbad of disputed structure (mosque).
• ASI also mentioned in its report that they have found ruins of other eras also. These ruins could be the ruins of Buddhist or Jain temples.

Also Read | Ayodhya Verdict Out: All you need to know

Allahabad High Court's decision

The Allahabad High Court's decision came on 30 September 2010 on the Ayodhya dispute. In this decision, the court ordered the 2.77 acres of land to be distributed between the Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ramlalla Virajman. This order of the court was challenged in the Supreme Court. After a long hearing, five judges bench of the Supreme Court has given its verdict.

Background of Ayodhya Case

• Ayodhya is considered the birthplace of Rama. The Hindus claim that there was a temple here, which was demolished and a mosque was built. At the same time, the claim of the Muslim community is completely the opposite.
• It is believed that Mir Baqi, the commander of the Mughal ruler Babur, built the mosque in Ayodhya that was known as Babri Masjid.
• In 1959 Nirmohi Akhara filed a case for transfer of case of the disputed site. At the same time, on behalf of Muslims, the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Waqf Board filed a case for ownership of Babri Masjid.
• On 30 October 1990, Karseva was organized for the first time for the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi movement in Ayodhya. Karsevaks climbed the mosque and hoisted the flag. After this, five Karsevaks were killed in police firing. 
• On 6 December 1992, thousands of karsevaks reached Ayodhya and demolished the Babri Masjid. Temporary Ram temple was built. 
• On 30 September 2010, The Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court gave a historic verdict. As per the verdict, the disputed land was divided into three parts - Ramlalla Virajman, Sunni Waqf Board and the Nirmohi Akhara.

Also Read | Ayodhya Verdict LIVE Updates: Disputed Ayodhya site belongs to Hindus, 5 acres to be given to sunni waqf board

Also Read | Kartarpur Corridor Inauguration: PM Modi flags off first batch of devotees

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