The Annual Plan for the year 2013-14 for Bihar was finalized in New Delhi on 15 May 2013 at a meeting between Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Montek Singh Ahluwalia and Chief Minister of Bihar, Sh. Nitish Kumar. The plan size was agreed at 34000 crore rupees. In the total proposed outlay of 34000 crore rupees for Annual Plan 2013-14, the share of agriculture sector has been enhanced to 9.99 percent while that of social services has been enhanced from 36.5 percent in 2012-13 to 40.59 percent in the annual plan proposal for 2013-14.
Bihar has introduced Mission Manav Vikas in its plan programme which would help in monitoring human development index in the State through 20 monitorable targets. Bihar was growing at a slower rate than the country for decades till around 2001-02. However, the State picked up the pace of growth in the recent past and has been doing very well in terms of growth performance in the last few years. It was one of the best performers in terms of growth during 2002-03 to 2008-09 second only to Gujarat. The Gross Domestic Product of the State (during 2004-2005 to 2012-13) increased from 77781 crore rupees in 2004-05 to 157957 crore rupees in 2012-13 at the constant (2004-2005) prices.
The per capita Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) at constant (2004-2005) prices also increased from 7914 rupees in 2004-2005 to 14268 rupees in 2012-13. Per Capita NSDP of Bihar has remained significantly lower than the per capita NSDP at all India level. The State’s per capita NSDP has however increased by 84.13 percent from 7749 rupees in 2005-06 to 14268 rupees in 2012-13 compared to an increase of 50.5 percent in per capita NSDP at the national level during the same period. The Bihar’s per capita NSDP is still 36.45 percent of the all India per capita NDP in 2012-13.
The literacy level of the state has improved to 63.82 percent in 2011 from 47.53 percent a decade ago, but is still lower than the 74.04 percent literacy rate achieved at all India level. However, female literacy rate is a cause of concern as the male literacy in Bihar is 73.39 percent and female literacy is 53.33 percent compared to the national literacy level of 82.14 percent for males and 65.46 percent for females in 2011. The Commission pointed that the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) is being revamped so that the gap between potential created and potential utilised in the irrigation sector is reduced substantially.