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Bio Cremations: environment friendly alternative to cremate human body

Oct 10, 2014 17:20 IST

The practice of Bio cremations was in news recently because some nations like Belgium and the Netherlands of European Union are planning to legalise this method of cremations. So far, it has been legalised only in the US and Canada.
In 2011, a Florida funeral home became the first in the world to perform a bio cremation and since then, over 3000 people in the US have chosen the procedure.

A bio cremation is a practice that ensures that the human body is turned into a liquid and not into ashes. The process is also known as chemical hydrolysis. It is an environmentally-friendly alternative to present day trend of the disposal of dead bodies.

The process

At present, the only legal way to cremate the dead in the continent is to exhume the body or bury it.

The Bio Cremation technology replaces the use of flame with the utilization of water, blended with an alkali solution of potassium hydroxide (KOH).
The process uses 95 per cent water and 5 per cent alkali instead of direct flame and fossil fuels to cremate human remains.

The body is placed in a stainless steel cremation chamber where water (95%), an alkali additive (5%), heat and pressure are added. Bio Cremation uses this combination to perform the cremation, gently reducing the body to bone fragments and a sterile solution that is recycled to the earth.

The average adult body takes approximately 2-3 hours to complete. Upon completion of the cremation cycle, bones are dried and processed to a powdery substance which is then placed in an urn and given back to family.

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