The Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) has launched climate change programme to assess the status, distribution and conservation of finches and pheasants in the Central Himalayas.
The first study will be funded by Oracle and facilitated by CAF-India.
• Currently, there are nearly 50 species of pheasants and 62 species of finches in the Indian subcontinent.
• Several of these species are listed under the ‘Globally Threatened’ category created by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
• Shrinking habitat as a result of climate change and several biotic factors along with poaching and trapping have pushed both these groups to almost extinction.
• While species that are capable of adapting to the change will survive, those that are habitat specialist and sensitive to temperature will suffer.
About the study
• The study will mainly focus on the conservation of the rich natural heritage of the Himalayas -its diverse flora and fauna.
• It will also assess the socio-economic activities of local communities and encourage their involvement in the conservation efforts.
• It also aims to sensitize the local forest department staff.
• The study will help in making an inventory of finches and pheasants and also in the documentation of local specific conservation issues.
• It will also contribute in designing local and species-specific conservation action plan along with community participation.
• The action plan will be the first step towards conservation and protection of the ecosystem, benefiting both people and biodiversity in it.
About Bombay Natural History Society
• Founded on 15 September 1883, the society is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India that conducts conservation and biodiversity research.
• Apart from this, it supports various researches through grants and publishes a journal called ‘The Journal of the Bombay Natural Society’.
• The Department of Science and Technology has given it a designation of ‘Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation’