Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) on 1 July 2014 notified Bor Wildlife Sanctuary as Tiger Reserve. With this, Bor Wildlife sanctuary will become the 47th Tiger Reserve of India and sixth Tiger Reserve of Maharashtra. The approval aimed at strengthening the conservation efforts of the national animal.
In its notification the MoEF declared 13812 hectare area of Bor Sanctuary, New Bor Sanctury and the New Bor Extended Wildlife Sanctuary as a core, critical tiger habitat. The sanctuary will also act as an important corridor between Tadoba-Andhari and Pench Tiger Reserves that lies on the boundary of Nagpur and Wardha districts.
The notification of Union Government will help the sanctuary to receive funding and technical support to strengthen tiger conservation and eco-development and benefit of local communities residing along the border of the reserve.
The proposal to notify Bor Wildlife Sanctuary in Wardha district as Tiger Reserve was forwarded by Maharashtra Government. The other Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra are Melghat, Pench, Tadoba, Nagzira and Sahyadri.
Bor Wildlife Sanctuary notified by Maharashtra government in 1970 is rich in biodiversity with a wide variety of flora and fauna that includes tigers, co-predators, prey animals and birds.
Apart from it, the Ministry also approved the recommendations of a technical committee of National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) to establish ecological baselines for long term monitoring of tigers in the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary and adjoining landscapes in Arunachal Pradesh. The proposal for Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary was mooted by the Wildlife Institute of India and would also conduct monitoring of co-predators and prey species apart from tigers.
About Project Tiger
Project Tiger was launched in the year 1973 by the Government of India led by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The project was initiated to save the endangered species of tiger in the country. The project was started with nine (9) reserves in 1973-74 and till now it has gone up to 47.
Aim of Project Tiger
To aid and facilitate the breeding of tigers within a safe environment and then transport these tigers further afield so that the world’s population can be increased.
The Project Tiger is controlled by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, which is under the umbrella of a Steering Committee.
Minister of State (Independent Charge), Environment, Forests & Climate Change - Prakash Javadekar, he is also the a Chairperson of the National Tiger Conservation Authority
Due to concerted efforts under Project Tiger, at present India has the distinction of having the maximum number of tigers in the world (1706) as per 2010 assessment, when compared to the 13 tiger range countries. The 2010 country level tiger assessment has also shown a 20% increase of tigers in the country (from 1411 in 2006 to 1706 in 2010).
Tiger Reserves are spread out in 17 of our tiger range states. This amounts to around 2.08% of the geographical area of our country. The tiger reserves are constituted on a core/buffer strategy.
Nagarjunasagar Tiger Reserve is the largest tiger reserve in terms of area.
Where: in Maharashtra
When: on 1 July 2014