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Current Affairs 27 March 2019 Digest 4: Croatia honours President Kovind; IIT-Delhi develops AI-based system

Croatian state order is awarded to heads of state for their important contribution towards the development of state relations between Croatia and their respective countries.

Mar 27, 2019 15:15 IST
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Story 1: President Kovind honoured with Croatia’s highest civilian order

President Ram Nath Kovind was honoured with Croatia's highest civilian order - The Grand Order of the King of Tomislav, on March 26, 2019. Kovind is in the European country as part of his eight-day three-nation visit to Croatia, Bolivia and Chile to further strengthen bilateral ties between India and the three countries. President Ram Nath Kovind also participated in the India-Croatia Economic Forum meeting.

Croatian state order is awarded to heads of state for their important contribution towards the development of state relations between Croatia and their respective countries.

 

The Grand Order of the King of Tomislav

  • The Grand Order of King Tomislav is the highest civilian order of Croatia.
  • It is usually awarded to top foreign officials for their contribution to the improvement of Croatia's good standing internationally as well as achievements in developing international relations between Croatia and their respective countries.
  • It is awarded by the President of Croatia.
  • It is named after King Tomislav of Croatia.

 

Last 10 recipients of award

2016 - Rosen Plevneliev (as President of Bulgaria)

2014 - Margrethe II (as Queen of Denmark)

2013 - Bronisław Komorowski (as President of Poland)

2013 - Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (as King of Sweden)

2012 - Andris Bērziņš (as President of Latvia)

2011 - Harald V of Norway (as King of Norway)

2011 - Giorgio Napolitano (as President of Italy)

2009 - Tarja Halonen (as President of Finland)

2009 - Bamir Topi (as President of Albania)

2009 - Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (as Emir of Qatar)

 

Story 2: IIT-Delhi develops AI-based system to detect malaria, other diseases

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi announced recently that they have developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) based electronic hardware system to detect malaria, tuberculosis, intestinal parasite, and cervical cancer in milliseconds.

IIT Delhi declares on March 26, 2019 that their system can be used for healthcare access in resource-constrained areas with limited access to human specialists.

What is AI-based system to detect malaria like diseases?

  • The team headed by Manan Suri, principal investigator at the Neuromorphic and NVM research group has used nanotechnology to develop a diagnostic support system which can read raw data from blood samples, patterns of a patient etc and can extract information.
  • The system can detect patterns and give accurate answers within milliseconds hence automating the entire system.
  • They used nanotechnology to curtail the size of the device. There is no need to connect data to the cloud or public storage instead of local and secure services are required in healthcare

Benefits

  • Several AI softwares exist for healthcare and diagnostic related applications, need of the hour are to efficiently map these models on portable dedicated low-power, low-cost hardware to enable edge AI systems accessible to all in low resource environment.
  • Microscopy is particularly well adapted to low-resource, high disease burden areas.
  • In contrast to alternatives such as rapid diagnostic tests, however, microscopy-based diagnosis does depend on the availability of skilled technicians, of which there is a critical shortage.
  • As a result, diagnoses are often made on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms alone, which is error-prone and leads to higher mortality, drug resistance, and the economic burden of buying unnecessary drugs.

Artificial intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer program or a machine to think and learn. It is also a field of study which tries to make computers "smart". They work on their own without being encoded with commands. Artificial intelligence involves many different fields like computer science, mathematics, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy.

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