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Current Affairs in Short: 1 March 2019

The Union Government has banned the Jamat-e-Islami Jammu and Kashmir for five years under anti-terror law on grounds that it is in close touch with terror outfits and is expected to escalate secessionist movement in the state.

Mar 1, 2019 17:36 IST
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US vows Philippines aid against armed attack in South China Sea

• US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on March 1, 2019 vowed to defend the Philippines against armed attack in the disputed South China Sea.
• Speaking in Manila after meeting with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, Pompeo said China’s building of artificial islands in waters which were also claimed by Manila and other neighbours are potential threats to the two allies.
• Pompeo's comments marked the first time any US official had publicly stated on US’s intent to defend its ally in the flashpoint sea.
• A 1951 US-Philippine mutual defence treaty commits the two nations to come to each other's aid in case of an armed attack in the Pacific area on either party.

K.L. Rahul only Indian in top 10 batsmen in T20 rankings

• K L Rahul was the lone Indian to feature in the top 10 batting list in the latest ICC T20 International Players Rankings released on February 28, 2019.
• K L Rahul made a successful comeback with scores of 47 and 50 in the just-concluded T20 series against Australia.
• Formerly top-ranked Virat Kohli went up two places to 17th position and former captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni jumped up seven places to 56th position.
• Fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah also jumped up 12 places to the 15th rank and left-arm spinner Krunal Pandya jumped up 18 places to his career-best 43rd rank.
• In the ICC Men's T20 International Team Rankings, India have retained their second position and Australia have overtaken South Africa and England to reach the third place, within two points of India.
• Pakistan leads the team rankings with 135 points, 13 points ahead of India.

Government bans Jamat-e-Islami in Jammu and Kashmir for 5 years

• The Union Government has banned the Jamat-e-Islami Jammu and Kashmir for five years under anti-terror law on grounds that it is in close touch with terror outfits and is expected to escalate secessionist movement in the state.
• A notification, banning the group under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, was issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs on February 28, 2019 after a high-level meeting on security, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
• The notification said the Centre is of the opinion that the Jamaat is in close touch with terror outfits and is supporting extremism and terrorism in Jammu and Kahsmir and elsewhere.
• The notification comes barely a few days after the Jammu and Kashmir Police arrested around 100 cadres of the group in the state. Jamaat has reportedly been indulging in activities intended to disrupt the territorial integrity of India.

US, N Korea fail to strike deal at Hanoi Summit

• The United States and North Korea have failed to reach a formal deal at the Hanoi Summit. The talks ended with no agreement after US President Trump refused North Korean demand to lift all international sanctions.
• Earlier, the White House in a statement had said that Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un discussed various ways to advance denuclearisation and economic driven concepts and the respective teams look forward to meeting in the future.
• No joint communique was issued, despite high expectations beforehand for progress.
• The two-day meeting in the Vietnamese capital Hanoi had come eight months after their historic summit in Singapore in June 2018.

Wing Commander Abhinandan to return to India today

• India awaits the return of Indian Air Force Wing Commander Abhinandan from Pakistan's custody. Pakistan has announced that Wing Commander Abhinandan will be returned to India by the evening of March 1, 2019.
• Wing Commander Abhinandan is expected to arrive at Attari-Wagah border at the time of retreat ceremony, which stands cancelled for the day.
• The officers of Indian Air Force, BSF and civil administration would be receiving the IAF officer at the border.  
• At Attari Wagah border, a large number of people from all walks of life have reached to give a warm welcome to the officer.
• The announcement of the release of the fighter pilot was made by the Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan in the Pakistan National Assembly on February 28, 2019.

Indian economy expected to grow at 7.3% in 2019-20: Moody's

• Indian economy is expected to grow at 7.3 per cent in calendar years 2019 and 2020, the US-based rating agency Moody's stated on March 1, 2019.
• In its quarterly Global Macro Outlook for 2019 and 2020 released today, the agency said the country is less exposed to a slowdown in global manufacturing trade growth than other major Asian economies and emerging markets and is poised to grow at a relatively stable pace in the two years.
• Moody's said the announcement in Interim Budget 2019-20 on direct cash transfer programme for farmers and the middle-class tax relief measures will contribute a fiscal stimulus of about 0.45 per cent of GDP.
• Moody's growth estimates are based on the calendar year. India, however, measures its economic growth on the basis of the fiscal year from April to March.

AYUSH Minister lays foundation stone for National Institute of Unani Medicine

• AYUSH Minister Shripad Yesso Naik on March 1, 2019 laid the foundation stone for National Institute of Unani Medicine at Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh.
• The Minister informed that his Ministry is establishing the Institute in Ghaziabad as a part of its commitment towards provision and promotion of quality education, research and healthcare services through Unani Medicine and other AYUSH systems.
• He further said that this institute would be developed with an approximate cost of 300 crore rupees on 10 acres of land. It would be one of the largest institutes of Unani Medicine in Northern India.
• The institute is expected to cater to the needs of the masses and would have facilities for quality research and education at postgraduate and PhD levels with a 200 bedded hospital.

Will no longer take in Myanmar refugees: Bangladesh to UN

• Bangladesh has told the UN Security Council that it will no longer be able to take in refugees from Myanmar and urged the council to take decisive action.
• The nation’s Foreign Secretary Shahidul Haque told a council meeting on February 28, 2019 that the crisis over the repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya sheltering in his country had gone from bad to worse.
• Around 7,40,000 Muslim Rohingya are living in camps in Bangladesh after they were driven out of Myanmar's northern Rakhine state during a military campaign in 2017.
• Under a deal reached with Bangladesh, Myanmar agreed to take back some of the refugees, but the United Nations insists that the safety of the Rohingya be a condition for their return.

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