Current Affairs in Short: 1 November 2018
The Supreme Court on October 31, 2018 ruled that a live-in partner can seek maintenance under the Domestic Violence Act, 2005. The bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Justices U.U. Lalit and K.M. Joseph observed that the 2005 Act provides an “efficacious remedy” for maintenance even if the victim is not a legally wedded wife.
KJ Alphons presides over the Program and Budget Committee meeting of UNWTO
• The Minister of State for Tourism, KJ Alphons along with a delegation of senior officials attended the 109th session of United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Executive Council in Manama, Bahrain.
• The three day Session of UNWTO Executive Council began on October 30, 2018.
• Alphons chaired the ‘Programme and Budget Committee’ meeting of UNWTO.
• The Minister highlighted the role of tourism in socio-economic development through job creation, enterprise and environment development and foreign exchange earnings.
• As the chair of the Committee, the Minister informed the session that for the first time, UNWTO had a surplus budget and most of the arrears due have been paid.
• India will be the chair of Programme and Budget Committee of UNWTO Executive Council till 2021.
Live-in partner can seek maintenance: Supreme Court
• The Supreme Court on October 31, 2018 ruled that a live-in partner can seek maintenance under the Domestic Violence Act, 2005.
• The bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Justices U.U. Lalit and K.M. Joseph observed that the 2005 Act provides an “efficacious remedy” for maintenance even if the victim is not a legally wedded wife.
• Under the provisions of the Act, the estranged wife or live-in-partner would be entitled to more relief than what is contemplated under Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, infact, to a shared household also.
• The economic abuse also constitutes domestic violence under the 2005 Act.
Night trial of Agni-1 missile successfully conducted
• A night trial of India’s indigenously developed nuclear-capable Agni-1 ballistic missile was successfully conducted on October 30, 2018 from a test range off Odisha coast.
• The Agni-1 ballistic missile has a strike range of 700 km.
• The missile can carry payloads up to 1000 kg.
• It has a specialised navigation system which ensures it reaches the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision.
Harvard University selects Malala Yousafzai for 2018 Gleitsman Award for promoting girls’ education
• Harvard University selected Nobel Prize Winner Malala Yousafzai for 2018 Gleitsman Award in recognition of her work promoting girls’ education.
• She will be presented with this award on December 6, 2018 at a ceremony.
• The Gleitsman Award provides USD 125,000 for activism that has improved quality of life around the world.
• Malala was awarded Nobel peace prize in 2014 at the age of 17, becoming youngest Nobel Laureate in the history of Nobel award. She shared this award with Indian children’s rights activist Kailash Satyarthi.
• She also has been honoured with National Youth Peace Prize (2011), Mother Teresa Awards for Social Justice (2012), Simon de Beauvoir Prize (2013), Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought (2013), Anna Politkovskaya Award (2013).
• In her honour, United Nations has declared 12 July as ‘Malala Day’.
SS Deswal appointed as Director General of Indo-Tibetan Border Police
• The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) appointed senior IPS officer S S Deswal as Director General of Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
• He will succeed R K Pachnanda, who superannuated from office.
• Deswal is 1984 batch IPS officer of Haryana cadre. Prior to this appointment, he was Director General of Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).
• ITBP is one of five Central Armed Police Forces of India. It was raised in October 1962, under CRPF Act, in wake of 1962 Sino-Indian War. It was provided full autonomy after Parliament enacted Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992.
World Cities Day 2018 observed globally
• The World Cities Day was observed across the world on October 31, 2018 to work together for planned and sustainable urban life in the wake of rapid growth of population and problems.
• The day aims to promote international community’s interest in global urbanisation, push forward cooperation among countries in meeting opportunities and contributing to sustainable urban development around the world.
• The global observation of 2018 World Cities Day was celebrated in Liverpool, United Kingdom.
• The 2018 theme of the day was ‘Building Sustainable and Resilient Cities’.
Satyajit Ray's film ‘Pather Panchali’ included in BBC's 100 best foreign language films list
• Satyajit Ray's epic masterpiece film 'Pather Panchali' has been included in BBC's 100 best foreign language films list.
• The list was formed from a poll where over 200 critics from 43 countries picked their best foreign language film. The list was brought down to 100 films from 67 different directors, 24 countries and in 19 languages.
• Ray's film, released in 1955, was placed at number 15 in the list, which has been topped by Akira Kurosawa's 'Seven Samurai'.
• According to BBC, 27 of the highest-rated films were in French, followed by 12 in Mandarin, and 11 each in Italian and Japanese.
• Only four of the 100 films have been directed by women.
• 45 percent of the critics who took part in the poll were women.
Netherlands will be the Partner Country for the 25th DST – CII Technology Summit
• The Kingdom of Netherlands will be the Partner Country for the 25th DST - CII Technology Summit.
• The Summit will be organised in 2019.
• The first CII Technology Summit was organised in 1995 with an aim to facilitate global technology collaborations.
• CII became a partner with the Department of Science & Technology in organising these Summits in 2004.
Clean Air Week to be observed from November 1, 2018
• A ‘Clean Air Week’ campaign would be organised during November 1-5, 2018 in collaboration with the Government of Delhi and the four major NCR cities to control the air pollution.
• For this, 52 teams have been formed to ensure compliance and safety and take quick action.
• Delhi will have 44 teams and the cities in NCR region shall have two teams each.