Current Affairs in Short: 2 November 2018
The Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogi established an in house ‘think tank’ to strengthen the knowledge infrastructure of Supreme Court of India. To this end, the CJI redefined the mandate of Centre for Research and Planning (CRP) to meet the “fast expanding knowledge needs of judiciary”.
CJI establishes in-house ‘Think Tank’ for research & planning
• The Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogi established an in house ‘think tank’ to strengthen the knowledge infrastructure of Supreme Court of India.
• To this end, the CJI redefined the mandate of Centre for Research and Planning (CRP) to meet the “fast expanding knowledge needs of judiciary”.
• The in-house think tank in the SC will complement the vibrant network of national and state judicial academies that have been built over 15 years ago.
• The main mandate of the think tank would be to carry out cutting edge research into “fundamental jurisprudence and principles and doctrines of law” as well as on “judicial reforms” for improvement in “justice delivery” and “judicial independence”.
China launches new high-orbit satellite BeiDou-3
• China successfully launched a high orbit satellite BeiDou-3 to boost BeiDou global satellite navigation system being built to rival United States Global Position System (GPS).
• The satellite was launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in the southwestern Sichuan Province.
• It is the first BeiDou-3 satellite in high orbit, about 36000 km above the Earth.
• In a geostationary orbit, following the Earth's rotation, it will view the same point on Earth continuously.
• The satellite is meant to serve countries in the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
• It will be the fourth global satellite navigation system after the US GPS system, Russia's GLONASS and the European Union's Galileo.
Japan cabinet approves bill to accept foreign workers
• Japan's Cabinet approved a draft bill to bring more blue-collar foreign workers into the country to address chronic labour shortages.
• The Bill will now be submitted to parliament.
• However, the draft legislation has come under attack from both the opposition and members of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's own party.
• The bill would allow foreign nationals with skills in sectors facing particularly severe shortages to obtain five-year visas, which would not allow them to bring their families.
• The new policy does not represent a wholesale overhaul of the country's strict immigration policy.
• Japan will only accept foreign workers who have specific skills and can work immediately to address serious labour shortages, only in sectors that genuinely need them.
MHA approves Rs 194.44 crore Safe City Project for Lucknow
• The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) approved a Safe City project for Lucknow at a total cost of Rs. 194.44 crore under the Nirbhaya Fund Scheme.
• The project would be implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with Centre and State sharing the funding in 60:40 ratio.
• The Safe city proposal for Lucknow will be implemented by Uttar Pradesh Police, assisted by the Municipal bodies and city transport authorities.
• This approval is a part of MHA’s plans to implement Safe City projects in 8 selected cities, namely, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Lucknow under Nirbhaya Fund.
• The projects are being implemented in consultation with Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Electronic and Information Technology and civil society organisations.
10-day long Clean Air Campaign launched in Delhi and four major NCR Cities.
• A ten day long Clean Air Campaign from November 1- 10, 2018 was launched in Delhi by Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan.
• To monitor and report polluting activities as well as to ensure quick action, 52 teams were jointly flagged off.
• These teams will be visiting different parts of Delhi and adjacent towns of Faridabad, Gurugram, Ghaziabad and Noida.
• The team will comprise of the local Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM) as the team leader, senior official from Ministry of Environment and representatives from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) and Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC).
• While Delhi has 44 teams the cities in NCR region namely Gurugram, Noida, Faridabad and Ghaziabad have two teams each.
Team India, Virat Kohli maintain top position in ICC Test rankings
• Skipper Virat Kohli and Team India both maintained their top positions in the latest ICC Test rankings published on November 1, 2018.
• India defeated the eighth-ranked West Indies with 116 points in its kitty, 10 more than second-placed South Africa.
• Kohli, with 935 points, is 25 points clear of currently suspended Steve Smith (910 points).
• Cheteshwar Pujara is placed sixth with 765 points.
Lt Gen P S Rajeshwar assumes charge as Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman, COSC
• Lt Gen P S Rajeshwar took over as the 12th Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman, COSC.
• Lt Gen PS Rajeshwar was commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery in December 1980.
• He is an alumnus of the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun; National Defence College, Delhi; and holds a Masters in National Security Administration from NDC, Philippines.
• He has rich operational and staff experience with the distinction of serving in operational environments such as High Altitude Area, Counter Insurgency area in the North East & Counter Terrorist Operations in Jammu and Kashmir, apart from United Nations Peacekeeping Operations.
• During 38 years of his illustrious career, the General Officer has commanded an Artillery Regiment during Operation Parakram, an Infantry Brigade at the Line of Control, a Counter Insurgency Force in Jammu and Kashmir and a Corps in the desert sector.
Indo - Japan joint military exercise Dharma Guardian 2018 begins
• Exercise Dharma Guardian - 2018, a joint military exercise between Indian and Japanese Armies, commenced at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School, Vairengete, Mizoram, India on November 1, 2018.
• Being first of its kind, the 14 days long joint exercise is being conducted from November 1, 2018 to November 14, 2018.
• The Japanese contingent is being represented by 32nd Infantry Battalion, while the Indian side is being represented by 6/1 Gorkha Rifles.
• The exercise will consist of a balance of indoor classes and outdoor training activities.
• The objective of this exercise is to build and promote army to army relations in addition to exchanging skills and experiences between both the armies.