BRICS foreign ministers vow to combat terrorism, resolve Iran nuclear deal issue

At the BRICS Foreign Ministers meeting chaired by India’s EAM Jaishankar, five BRICS member nations announced their resolution to effectively combat terrorism and Iran nuclear deal issue through diplomatic and peaceful ways.

Created On: Jun 3, 2021 12:26 ISTModified On: Jun 3, 2021 12:27 IST

At the BRICS Foreign Ministers meeting chaired by India’s EAM Jaishankar on June 1, 2021, five BRICS member nations – Brazil, Russia, China, India, and South Africa announced their resolution to effectively combat terrorism and Iran nuclear deal issue through diplomatic and peaceful ways.

The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said in a media statement, the BRICS Foreign Ministers expressed strong condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations whenever, wherever and by whomsoever committed.

BRICS Foreign Ministers 2021: Key highlights

• The foreign ministers vowed to combat all forms and manifestations of terrorism, including terror financing networks, cross-border movement of terrorists. They deliberated on stepping up joint efforts to build support for the adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT), mentioned the statement.

• The foreign ministers at the India-chaired BRICS meeting revisited the BRICS Counter-Terrorism Strategy that was adopted by BRICS Leaders in 2020. They recalled their commitment to finalize a result-oriented Action Plan by the Counter-Terrorism Working Group in 2021.

• The foreign ministers sighting the increase in the trafficking and illicit production of drugs worldwide reiterated on committing to the objects of the three international drug control conventions. They stressed the importance of enhancing cooperation to counter-narcotics within the BRICS Anti-Drug Working Group.

• They reiterated their commitment to strengthen BRICS collaboration and promote international anti-corruption cooperation on issues relating to anti-corruption law enforcement, including asset recovery.

• The ministers urged all the countries to promote the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms under the principles of mutual respect and equality. The group of ministers agreed on treating all human rights, including the right to development fairly and equally.

• The ministers were on the same page regarding strengthening cooperation on issues of common interests both within BRICS and in multilateral fora including the UN Human Rights Council, considering the need to promote, protect human rights in a non-politicized, non-selective, and constructive manner.

• The ministers also vowed to resolve the Iran nuclear deal, formerly known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), issue through diplomatic and peaceful means according to international law, including the need to fully implement the JCPOA and the UN Security Council Resolution 2231, and the negotiations within the framework of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

• The ministers further called for continuing efforts towards strengthening the system of arms control, disarmament, and non-proliferation treaties and agreements, and to preserve its integrity to maintain international peace and security and global stability, the statement read.

• They stressed maintaining the effectiveness and efficiency as well as the consensus-based nature of the relevant multilateral instruments in the field of arms control, disarmament, and non-proliferation, the statement read.

The Iran Nuclear Deal: Key Points

• The Iran nuclear deal, formerly known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), came into being on July 14, 2015, in Vienna. The agreement on the Iranian nuclear program was formulated between Iran and the five permanent members of the United National Security Council – China, Germany, France, Russia, the UK, and the US.

• Former US President Donald Trump had withdrawn the US from the JCPOA in 2018 while imposing the highest level of sanctions on Iran. President Joe Biden has currently expressed that the US will return to JCPOA basis Iran’s compliance with the deal.

• The UN Security Council Resolution 2231 on July 20, 2015, endorsed Iran nuclear deal.

India hosted BRICS Foreign Ministers Meeting 2021

“India as the current BRICS Chair will convene the standalone meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/ International Relations on June 1, 2021,” informed the Ministry of External Affairs in a press release.

India hosted and chaired the BRICS Foreign Ministers 2021 meeting. The country chaired the meeting for the third time, after 2012 and 2016.

‘BRICS@15: Intra BRICS Cooperation for Continuity, Consolidation, and Consensus’ is the theme for India’s BRICS chairship.

Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, Brazil Foreign Minister Carlos Alberto Franco Franca, South African Foreign Minister Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor, and China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi attended the meeting virtually.

What is BRICS Foreign Ministers Meeting?

• The BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) Foreign Ministers’ meeting was first held in 2006. Later in 2009, the first BRIC Summit was held.

• In 2010, the BRIC became BRICS with acceptance of South Africa as a full member country during a BRIC Foreign Ministers’ meeting.

• BRICS is a group of major emerging economies that comprise over 16 per cent share of world trade, 24 per cent of the world GDP, and 41 per cent of the world population.

• Foreign ministers of the BRICS group convene meetings to deliberate on issues under three pillars: Economic and Financial, Political and Security, and Cultural and People-to-People exchange.

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