The World Health Organisation (WHO) on 19 July 2017 released a report on Global Tobacco Epidemic 2017, funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies. The report says that though more countries have implemented tobacco control policies, still tobacco industry continues to hamper government efforts.
• Tobacco use is the leading single preventable cause of death worldwide, killing over 7 million people each year.
• Its economic costs are also enormous, totalling more than USD 1.4 trillion.
• Till 2007, only 1 billion people and 15 per cent of the world’s population were covered under tobacco control measure.
• Now, over 4.7 billion people are covered by at least one comprehensive tobacco control measure ranging from graphic pack warnings and advertising bans to no smoking areas.
• One in every 10 deaths around the world is caused by tobacco, but it can be changed through MPOWER tobacco control measures.
• 'MPOWER' stands for Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies, Protect people from tobacco smoke, Offer help to quit tobacco use, Warn people about the dangers of tobacco, Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, Raise taxes on tobacco.
• 43 per cent of the world’s population is covered by two or more MPOWER measures at the highest level.
• Eight countries have implemented four or more MPOWER measures at the highest level.
• Nepal, India and the Philippines are among the countries that conducted WHO-backed initiatives to monitor tobacco use and then implemented measures.
• Nepal introduced world’s largest health warnings on tobacco packaging surfaces in May 2015.
• India launched a nationwide tobacco cessation programme and toll-free quit line in 2016.
• Philippines passed Sin Tax Reform Law in 2012 after conducting national adult tobacco survey.
• Comprehensive smoke-free legislation is currently in place in 55 countries for almost 1.5 billion people.
• Around 3.2 billion people live in a country that aired at least one comprehensive national anti-tobacco mass media campaign in the last 2 years.
• However, the tobacco industry continues to hamper government efforts to fully implement life- and cost-saving interventions.
• Countries should incorporate all the provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) into their national tobacco control programmes and policies.
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