The Union Government on 31 July 2017 launched ‘Swachh Survekshan 2018’, a survey to rank all the 4041 cities and towns of the country based on infrastructure development for improved sanitation services and their sustainability and visible impact on ground.
• It is the third survey in the series and the results of two previous such surveys in 2016 and 2017 generated substantial enthusiasm among citizens, leading to expanding the scope of the survey.
• It is the first Pan-India sanitation survey that will assess sanitation levels of the country impacting the lives of about 40 crore urban people.
• Under this survey, cities will be ranked based on 71 sanitation related parameters with different weightages for a total of 4000 marks.
• The methodology for Swachh Surekshan 2018 have been modified in line with the progress of Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
• The Survey Methodology seeks to capture the efforts and outcomes of Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) as the cities move on from building toilets towards Solid Waste Management.
• The total weightage for citizen feedback and independent observation of sanitation has been increased by 10 per cent over that of 2017 Survey.
• To encourage cities to take up innovative sanitation practices, a new element of ‘Innovation’ has been introduced with a weightage of 5 per cent.
• It will assess availability of water connections to toilets, recovery of operation & maintenance costs of community and public toilets.
• It will also assess liquid waste management, segregation of municipal waste, decentralized compost making by bulk generators etc.
• It will quantify and reward the outcomes of user charges collection, sale of compost, linking of bio-metric attendance to payroll of sanitation staff , maintenance of public toilets, etc.
• The results of the survey will be announced in March 2018.
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