INS Kalvari, the first of the six Scorpene-class submarines was delivered to the Indian Navy by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) on 21 September 2017. The submarine will soon be commissioned into the Indian Navy.
The development marks a major milestone in Indian Navy's submarine programme as the vessel is expected to bolster India's maritime prowess.
Meanwhile, the second Scorpene-class submarine, INS Khanderi, which was launched in January 2017, is currently undergoing the rigorous phase of sea trials. The third Scorpene-class submarine, INS Karanj, is also being readied for launch later in 2017. The rest of the submarines are in various stages of outfitting.
Overall, the six of them, designed by French naval defence and energy company DCNS and manufactured by Mazagon Dock Limited, would be replacing Indian Navy's aging Sindhughosh and Shishumar class of submarines, marking a significant step towards modernising Indian navy.
• The construction of the submarine, which was named after a deep-sea tiger shark, began in 2009.
• The submarine was undocked from the pontoon on 6 April 2015 and launched on 28 October 2015.
• It completed the Basin trials and Harbor acceptance trials in April 2016 and commenced sea trials on 1 May 2016.
• The submarine is equipped with state of the art technology, including superior stealth features such as advanced acoustic silencing techniques and low radiated noise.
• It is also loaded with the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision-guided weapons.
• It is capable of launching an attack with both torpedoes and tube launched anti-ship missiles, while underwater or from the surface.
• On 2 March 2017, the submarine test-fired an Exocet SM39 Block 2 anti-ship missile in the Arabian Sea.
In fact, all Scorpene submarines can undertake varied missions including anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering and mine laying.
Who: INS Kalvari
When: 21 September 2017