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Global Peace Index 2018: Iceland tops, India ranks 136th

Jun 8, 2018 16:58 IST
Global Peace Index 2018: Iceland tops, India ranks 136th

India fetched 136th rank among 163 countries on the 2018 Global Peace Index that was released on June 7, 2018 by the Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP), an Australian think tank.

While, Iceland managed to retain its position as the most peaceful country in the world.

Key Highlights of the Global Peace Index 2018

• Global level of peace has deteriorated by 0.27 percent in the last year.

• A total of 71 countries have shown improvement in their rankings on the index, while, 92 countries have shown deterioration in their rankings on the index.

• Amid continuing social and political turmoil, the world continues to spend resources on creating violence, but very little on peace.

                                    Top 10 Peaceful Countries

Iceland fetched 1st rank on the index, a position it has held since 2008, followed by New Zealand and Austria at 2nd and 3rd position.

Portugal and Denmark rounded up the top five most peaceful rankings.

Syria remains the least peaceful country in the world, a position it has held for the past five years. Afghanistan, South Sudan, Iraq and Somalia round up the list of five least peaceful countries.

• Four most peaceful regions are Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and South America; however, all these regions recorded deteriorations.

• The greatest increase in the number of deaths occurred in Syria, followed by Mexico, Afghanistan, Iraq and Yemen.

• The countries that displayed the most significant growth in heavy weapons capabilities over the last 30 years are located in unstable regions facing high tensions with neighbouring countries. These include Egypt, India, Iran, Pakistan, South Korea and Syria.

India’s 136th rank on the Global Peace Index 2018

  • India’s GPI rank was 137th out of 163 countries in 2017, when the year 2016 was assessed. In 2018, India’s rank moved up to 136, when the year 2017 is assessed.
  • This is largely attributed to reduction in level of violent crime, driven by increased law enforcement.
  • Meanwhile, unrest in Kashmir raised tensions between India and Pakistan, with the number of deaths from external conflict increasing in both countries.
  • India also stands among the countries that have witnessed biggest decrease in the number of deaths. These are Sri Lanka, Chad, Colombia and Uganda.

Performance of South Asian countries

  • South Asia experienced the largest regional improvement in peacefulness.
  • South Asian countries such as Nepal moved up from 93rd to 84th, Sri Lanka moved up too from position 80th to 67th and Pakistan as well moved from 152nd to 151st.
  • However, the best performer of South Asia, Bhutan, slipped from 13th to 19th rank, while Bangladesh’ peace index deteriorated sharply. Bangladesh moved from 84th to 93rd.

About Global Peace Index (GPI)

• GPI was launched in 2007 as a measure of world peace.

• It is the world's leading measure of global peacefulness produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).

• The Index is composed of 23 indicators, ranging from a nation’s level of military expenditure to its relations with neighbouring countries and the percentage of prison population in 163 countries.

• The IEP is a Sydney-based international and independent think tank dedicated to shift the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable, and tangible measure of human well-being and progress.

 

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