Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari on August 28, 2018 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh for the construction of the Rs 3966.51 crore Lakhwar Multi-Purpose projects in the Upper Yamuna Basin near Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
The MoU was signed by Yogi Adityanath (CM of Uttar Pradesh), Vasundhara Raje (Rajasthan), Trivendra Singh Rawat (Uttarakhand), Manohar Lal (Haryana), Arvind Kejriwal (Delhi), and Jai Ram Thakur (Himachal Pradesh).
The Lakhwar project was initially approved in 1976 but work on the project was suspended in 1992.
Upper Yamuna refers to the stretch of River Yamuna from its origin to the Okhla Barrage in Delhi. Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi are the six Upper Yamuna Basin states.
Highlights of the Lakhwar project
• The Lakhwar project envisages construction of a 204 m high concrete dam across river Yamuna near Lohari village in Dehradun district of Uttarakhand with a live storage capacity of 330.66 MCM.
• This storage will provide irrigation for 33780 hectares land and availability of 78.83 MCM water for domestic, drinking and industrial use in the six basin states.
• The project will also generate 300 MW of power.
• The project will be implemented and executed by Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (UJVL).
• Storage created as a result of implementation of Lakhwar project will be shared by the basin States in proportion to their overall annual allocations as given in the MoU signed between the six states in 1994.
• Allocation of water from storage created by Lakhwar Dam Reservoir will be regulated by Upper Yamuna River Board (UYRB) as per this MoU.
• Except the sharing of stored water, all other resultant economic benefits including generation of hydropower due to construction of the dam are assigned to Uttarakhand.
How will the total cost be borne among States and Centre?
• Out of the total project cost of Rs 3966.51 crore, the power component of Rs. 1388.28 crore will be borne totally by the Uttarakhand government.
• Uttarakhand will also get the benefit of total power generation, once the project is complete.
• Out of the remaining cost of Rs 2578.23 crore which form the irrigation and drinking water components, 90 percent will be borne by the Central Government (Rs 2320.41 crore).
• Remaining 10 percent will be divided between the States of Haryana (Rs 123.29 crore - 47.82 percent), Uttar Pradesh/ Uttarakhand (Rs 86.75 crore - 33.65 percent), Rajasthan (Rs 24.08 crore - 9.34 percent), NCT Delhi (Rs 15.58 crore - 6.04 percent) and Himachal Pradesh (Rs. 8.13 crore - 3.15 percent).
1994 agreement regarding implementation of Lakhwar project
Kishau Multi-purpose project & Renukaji Multi-Purpose project
• Besides Lakhwar Multi-Purpose project, there are two other major projects being envisaged in the Upper Yamuna reaches, these are - Kishau Multi-Purpose project and Renukaji Multi-Purpose project.
• The Kishau Multi-purpose project includes construction of a 236 m high concrete dam across River Tons, a tributary of River Yamuna in Dehradun district with a live storage capacity of 1324 MCM. It will create irrigation potential of about 97000 hectares, make available 517 MCM drinking water and generate 660 MW of power.
• The Renukaji Multi-Purpose project has been conceived as a storage project on River Giri, tributary of Yamuna, in Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh. It envisages construction of 148m high rock filled dam for supply of 23 cumec water to Delhi and generate 40 MW of power during peak flow.
• There is another project, namely ‘Vyasi project’, a run-of-the-river scheme under which a concrete dam across River Yamuna is being constructed near Vyasi village in Dehradun district. The Vyasi project is scheduled for commissioning by December 2018.
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