Explained: India's green sectors to employ 300,000 workers by 2022: ILO

May 15, 2018 14:57 IST
India's green sectors to employ 300,000 workers by 2022: ILO

The International Labour Organisation (ILO) on May 14, 2018 released its annual flagship report titled ‘World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with Jobs’.

As per the report, 24 million new jobs are expected to be created globally by 2030, if the right policies to promote a greener economy are put in place.

Significance of green economy

• If countries undertake action to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius, it will result in sufficient job creation.

• The adoption of sustainable practices in the energy sector, such as promoting the use of electric vehicles and improving the energy efficiency of buildings, could create new jobs.

• The creation of the ecosystem services could employ 1.2 billion workers. These services include air and water purification, soil renewal and fertilization, pest control, pollination, protection against extreme weather conditions, farming, fishing, forestry and tourism activities.

• The green economy will also enable people to overcome poverty and deliver improved livelihoods for future generations.

India's green sector to employ 300000 workers by 2022

As per the report of ILO, 300000 workers will be employed directly in the solar and wind energy sectors by 2022 to meet India's goal of generating 175 gigawatts of electricity from renewable sources.

As per estimates of the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and the Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC), the employment in solar and wind energy sectors in 2022 will be nearly double against the 154000 similar jobs in 2009.

If India adopts environmentally sustainable means, all sectors, except the mining industry, will experience an increase in employment,.

Over 1.5 million jobs are expected to be created in the renewable sector, 4.6 lakh jobs in construction and 2.8 lakh in the services sector across the country.

Key highlights of the World Employment and Social Outlook 2018

• At the regional level, there will be net job creation in the Americas, Asia, and the Pacific and Europe, representing some 3 million, 14 million and 2 million jobs, respectively, resulting from measures taken in the production and use of energy.

What is Net job creation?

Net job creation is defined as job creation minus job destruction for all establishments.

• However, if current trends continue, there could be net job losses in the Middle East (-0.48 percent) and Africa (-0.04 percent) due to their dependence on fossil fuels and mining, respectively.

• Mostly all the sectors of the economy will be benefitted from net job creation.

• Out of the 163 analysed economic sectors, only 14 will suffer employment losses of more than 10000 jobs worldwide.

• Only two sectors, namely, petroleum extraction and petroleum refining, show losses of over 1 million jobs.

• Over 2.5 million jobs will be created in renewable-energy based electricity, balancing around 400000 jobs lost in generation of fossil fuel-based electricity.

• 6 million jobs will be created by transitioning towards a ‘circular economy’ which involves activities like recycling, repair, rent and remanufacture. This concept of circular economy replaces the traditional economic model of extracting, making, using and disposing.

Why jobs rely heavily on a healthy environment?

  • As estimated, the projected temperature increases will make heat stress more common, particularly in agriculture.
  • Such intensive temperature increases could lead to several medical conditions, including exhaustion and stroke.
  • The heat stress will cause a 2 percent global loss in working hours due to sickness by 2030.

Actions required for the transition to a greener economy

• Countries need to take urgent action to train workers in the skills needed for the transition to a greener economy.

• Countries should provide social protection to the workers that contributes in preventing poverty and reduces the vulnerability of households and communities.

• There should be synergy between social protection and environmental policies which support both workers’ incomes and the transition to a greener economy.

• A policy comprising cash transfers, stronger social insurance and restrictions on the use of fossil fuels would lead to faster economic growth, stronger employment creation and a fairer income distribution.

 

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