The Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change on 12 August 2017 released preliminary results from the first-ever synchronised All-India Elephant Population Estimation.
As per the estimation, the population of Asian elephant in India stands at 27312.
The estimate is derived from the sighting-based direct count method alone. However, the estimate will be confirmed with estimates from the indirect dung-count method in three months.
• According to the report, Karnataka has the highest number of elephants (6049), followed by Assam (5719) and Kerala (3054).
• The numbers are lower than from the last census estimate in 2012. However, the experts say that parallels cannot be drawn, because in the 2012 count, various states used different methodologies and the effort was not synchronised across the country. As per them, errors and duplication could have led to overestimation.
• As per the estimation, a number of indices, including birth rate, indicate that the elephant population is increasing.
• The census was conducted between March 2017 and May 2017.
• The census covered 1.10 lakh square kilometres and spanned four regions of the country: the northeast, east-central, south and north.
• The Asian Nature Conservation Foundation (ANCF) at the Indian Institute of Science (Bengaluru), several NGOs and independent conservationists aided the Project Elephant Directorate and forest departments of 23 states in this exercise.
Source: The Hindu
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