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International Day for the Abolition of Slavery Observed

International Labour Organisation said that more than forty million people are victims of modern slavery.

Dec 2, 2019 16:38 IST
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International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is observed on December 02 every year. This day is observed to spread awareness about ending human trafficking and the exploitation of humans. As per the latest information released by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) more than forty million people are victims of modern slavery.

There is no clear definition of modern slavery but it is considered as debt bondage, human trafficking, forced labour and forced marriages. It is basically referred to the situation where one experiences exploitation, violence and abuse.

What is Modern Slavery?

International Labour Organisation said that millions of people are affected by modern-day slavery. The old forms of slavery were embedded in customs and beliefs while modern-day slavery is quite different. It is more economy centralized slavery. Major examples of Modern Slavery are – Forced Labour, Trafficking, Child Labour, Forced Marriages.

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Facts about Modern slavery

• According to the ILO’s information, about 40.3 million people are victims of modern slavery. This figure includes 15.4 million in forced marriage and 24.9 million in forced labour.
• United Nation said that 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children.
• The data available on the UN’s official website said that 16 million people are oppressed as domestic workers; 4.8 million people are victims of sexual exploitation.
• The report highlights that 99 per cent of girls and women are affected in the commercial sex industry and about 58 per cent in various other sectors.

Background

The United Nations General Assembly approved the convention of struggle against human trade and prostitution on 2 December 1949. The United Nations General Assembly declared 2 December to be the International Day of Abolition of Slavery. The United Nations General Assembly announced the year 2004 as the year of the abolition of international slavery.

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