Major General Jose Eladio Alcain of Uruguay was on July 3, 2018 appointed as the Head of Mission and Chief Military Observer for the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP).
His appointment was announced by the United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
Major General Alcain will succeed Major General Per Gustaf Lodin of Sweden, who will complete his two year assignment in July 2018.
United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
• The United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) was established in January 1949.
• The group, based in Rawalpindi, is composed of 43 military observers and 23 international civilian personnel.
• The first team of unarmed military observers, who eventually formed the nucleus of UNMOGIP, arrived in the mission area in January 1949 to supervise the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the ceasefire between India and Pakistan, and to assist the Military Adviser to the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP).
• Following the India-Pakistan war of 1971 and ceasefire agreement of December 17, 1971, the tasks of UNMOGIP have been to observe the developments pertaining to the strict observance of the ceasefire and to report thereon to the Secretary-General.
• For years, India has maintained its stand that UNMOGIP has outlived its utility and is irrelevant after the Simla Agreement and the consequent establishment of the Line of Control (LoC).
• Due to the disagreement between India and Pakistan on UNMOGIP's mandate and functions, it was decided that UNMOGIP can only be terminated by a decision of the Security Council.
Major General Jose Eladio Alcain
• Major General Alcain has held various positions in the Uruguayan Army since 1977. Most recently, he held the position of the Director of the National Health Service of the Armed Forces from 2015 to 2018.
• He served as Third Mechanised Cavalry Brigade Commander and as Director of the Architecture and Engineering Section of the National Health Service of the Armed Forces during 2012-2013.
• He worked as an instructor at the Uruguayan Peacekeeping Training Centre (during 2000-2017) and at the Uruguayan War College (during 2003-2018).
• He has served in five peacekeeping operations - United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (1994‑1995); United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (1996-1997); United Nations Iraq‑Kuwait Observation Mission (1999-2000); United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2003‑2004); and United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (2006‑2007 and 2011‑2012).
• He has also attended the United Nations Senior Mission Leaders course in 2017.
• Born in Uruguay in 1961, he graduated from the Uruguayan War College and is currently pursuing a Master’s Degree in political science from the Uruguayan National University.
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