14 September: National Hindi Divas
National Hindi Divas (Hindi Day) was observed across India on September 14, 2018 to promote Hindi as Matra Bhasha (mother tongue) of India.
The day was marked by literary festivals, Hindi poetry sessions, Hindi essay writing competitions, Hindi speech contests and other events.
On this occasion, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu presented the Rajbhasha Awards to chiefs of various departments, Ministries and offices for their outstanding performances in promoting the language.
Significance of the Day
The day marks the adaptation of Hindi language as the official language of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on September 14, 1949.
The decision of using Hindi as official language was ratified by Indian Constitution via amendment 343 which stated that all government communications will be penned in Hindi (Devanagari Script). This amendment came into effect on January 26, 1950.
Presently, there are 2 official languages- Hindi and English.
• Hindi, written in Devanagari Script, is one of the main languages of India and is spoken by around 40 percent of the Indian population.
• Hindi language has a big history in India which belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
• In India, Hindi is used as a mother tongue by around 258 million people and is a native language for most people living in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan.
• As per the 2011 census, 43.63 percent of Indians speak Hindi as their mother tongue.
• It is also used in many countries of the world including Mauritius, Pakistan, Surinam, Trinidad and some other countries.
• Outside Asia, Hindi is an official language in Fiji. The Constitution of Fiji states 3 official languages, namely English, Fijian, and Hindi. The dialect of Hindi spoken there is known as Fiji Baat or Fiji Hindi.
• It is known as the 4th largest language of the world.
Constitutional Provision for Hindi language
The official language policy of the Union Government has been explained in detail under Article 120 (Part-5), Article 210 (Part-6), Article 343, 344 and from Articles 348 to 351. In Part - 17 (Article 343 to 351) of the Constitution, the Official Language of the Union and States has been prescribed.
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