Nepal has joined hands with China to offer internet services to its citizens, ending India’s decades-long monopoly of Nepal’s cyber connectivity network.
The Nepal Telecom teamed up with the China Telecom Global (CTG) to provide alternate cyber-connectivity to Nepal.
China Telecom Global (CTG) is a Hong Kong and Beijing based company formed in 2012.
China Telecom Global and Nepal Telecom launched their first services after they laid down the optical fiber cables between Kerung in China and Rasuwagadi in Nepal, about 50 km (30 miles) north of Kathmandu.
It is expected that the initial speed of internet by Chinese fiber link will be 1.5 Gigabit per second (GBPS), less than that of 34 GBPS by India.
Nepal Telecom in 2016 had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with China Telecommunications for the operation of Nepal's internet network via China.
Nepal-China in recent times
Beijing, in 2016, decided to allow Nepal to use its ports to trade goods with third countries, ending the latter’s sole dependence on India for overland trade.
Nepal also joined the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in the year 2017, which is China’s endeavour to develop a modern “Silk Road” connecting Asia with Europe, Middle East and Africa by road, railway, sea and air.
Nepal is in talks with China over the extension of the Chinese railway network into Nepal from Tibet.
Nepal was fully dependent on Indian telecom companies like Tata Communications and Bharati Airtel for internet services using optical fiber connections through Biratnagar, Bhairahawa and Birgunj.