Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) has recognised Sambo, the Russian martial art and has become part of the Asian Games. The decision of recognition to Sambo Union of Asia was taken by the Executive Board of OCA on 17 January 2014 at Manila, Philippines. The board decided to include Sambo in the Asian Games was later ratified by the OCA General Assembly.
According to the International Sambo Federation, the board met during the ongoing 32nd General Assembly of the pan-Asian continental body. With this finalization, Sambo became a part of the combat sports on the list of OCA like Wrestling, Wushu, Judo and Taekwondo.
The 17th Asian Games in 2014 is scheduled to be conducted from 19 September to 4 October 2014 at Incheon, South Korea. The Incheon Asian game does not have Sambo in its programme consisting of 36 disciplines, eight of which are non-Olympic ones, including cricket and kabbadi. It is expected that Sambo will be a part of Asian games in its 18th edition in 2019 scheduled at Hanoi, Vietnam.
In 20th century, the Russian Army developed a loose combination of wrestling and judo, which is a self-defence technique without weapons. SAMBO as a word is an acronym for SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya meaning self-defence without weapons. It began in 1920s by the Sovit Red Army to improve their hand in their abilities to combat. The USSR-Union Sports Committee recognized Sambo as an official sport in 1938.
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