The President of India Pranab Mukherjee on 17 April 2017 honoured freedom fighters at an event to commemorate the centenary of Mahatma Gandhi’s Champaran Satyagraha at Patna, Bihar.
At the event, the President acknowledged the Government of Bihar for commemorating the centenary of the Champaran Movement. He also praised the government for organising the event to felicitate the freedom fighters of India.
About Champaran Satyagraha
• The first Satyagraha movements inspired by Mohandas Gandhi occurred in Champaran district of Bihar and the Kheda district of Gujarat from 1917 to 1918.
• Champaran Satyagraha was the first to be started. However, the word Satyagraha was used for the first time in Anti Rowlatt Act agitation.
• Under Colonial era laws, many tenant farmers in Champaran were forced to grow indigo on a portion of their land as a condition of their tenancy.
• Many tenants alleged that landlords had used strong-arm tactics to exact illegal cesses. This issue was highlighted by a number of lawyer and politicians.
• A money lender named Raj Kumar Shukla persuaded Mahatma Gandhi to go to Champaran.
• Gandhi arrived in Champaran on 10 April 1917 with a team of eminent lawyers and thus, the Champaran Satyagraha began.
Who: Pranab Mukherjee
When: 17 April 2017