The Presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran together vowed to secure the territorial integrity of Syria during the trilateral summit in Ankara on April 4, 2018.
In a joint statement post the summit, the three Presidents called for a lasting ceasefire between the conflicting parties in the talks on the Syrian crisis. The premiers also stressed on their joint determination to speed up efforts to ensure calm on the ground and protection of civilians in Syria after talks on the future of the war-torn country.
The leaders also called on the international community, particularly the United Nations and its humanitarian agencies to increase assistance to Syria by sending additional humanitarian aid, facilitating humanitarian mine action, restoring basic infrastructure assets including social and economic facilities and preserving historical heritage.
What the leaders said!
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan: He insisted that Ankara-led "Operation Olive Branch" in northern Syria aims to fight the Kurdish militia as it poses a threat to Turkey. He said that Turkey will not stop until all regions under the control of the People's Protection Units (YPG), including Manbij, are secured.
Erdogan also expressed readiness to take action in the northern Syrian city of Tal Rifaat along with Russia and Iran to build a peaceful environment.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani: He accused the United States of trying to use the jihadists of the al-Nusra Front and the IS as tools in the region, saying the Syrian conflict has no military resolution.
Russian President Vladimir Putin: He stated that the Islamic State (IS) retains its destructive potential to attack in different regions across the globe despite its defeat in Syria. He added that the three sides have also agreed to broaden peacemaking efforts.
The trilateral summit brought together two of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's most ardent supporters, Russia and Iran and one of his strongest opponents Turkey.
The cooperation between the two opposition groups has raised hopes of bringing stability in Syria after seven long years of conflict, which resulted in the killing of over 500,000 people including many children and displacement of nearly half the population.
The first tripartite summit was held in Russia's Black Sea resort of Sochi on November 22, 2017 to discuss progress made in the Astana peace talks and changes in de-escalation zones across Syria.
The third trilateral summit involving Russian, Turkish and Iranian leaders is expected to be held soon in Tehran.