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Swachh Bharat Mission (G): Over 96 percent of households in Rural India actually use toilets

The survey was conducted under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G) between November 2018 and February 2019 and covered 92040 households in 6136 villages across all the States and UTs of India.

Mar 5, 2019 17:56 IST
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Around 96.5 percent of the households in Rural India who have access to the toilet use it as per the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) 2018-19, conducted by Independent Verification Agency (IVA).

The NARSS also re-confirmed the Open Defecation Free (ODF) status of 90.7 percent of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF by various districts/States themselves.

The Survey

  • The survey was conducted under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G).
  • The survey was conducted between November 2018 and February 2019 and covered 92040 households in 6136 villages across all the States and UTs of India.
  • The survey used the Probability Proportion to Size (PPS) sampling methodology, which yields 95 percent accurate results. The data was collected using the Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) platform.
  • The survey also covered schools, anganwadis and public/community toilets of the villages.

Key facts and figures

93.1 percent of households were found to have access to toilets during the survey period

96.5 percent of the people, who had access to toilets, actually used them

90.7 percent of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF were confirmed to be ODF.

The remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93 percent

95.4 percent of the surveyed villages have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water

Organisations involved

The Independent Verification Agency (IVA) presented the findings of the survey to the Expert Working Group (EWG) constituted for oversight of NARSS.

The group comprised of representatives from the World Bank, UNICEF, Water Aid, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, India Sanitation Coalition, NITI Aayog, and Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation.

Following this, the IVA submitted their provisional summary results report and raw data to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, and the same was made publicly accessible on the website of Ministry.

About Swachh Bharat Mission

  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Movement) is a campaign that was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2014.
  • The campaign seeks to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country's 4041 statutory cities and towns.

  • Behaviour change has been the focus of Swachh Bharat Mission, which is being pursued through a countrywide comprehensive IEC (Information-Education-Communication) programme.
  • Communication campaigns have been taken up both, at the central and state levels, for promoting sustained use of toilets and for sustaining the Open Defecation Free status achieved.
  • Objectives of Swachh Bharat are to reduce or eliminate open defecation through the construction of individual, cluster and community toilets.
  • Under both the versions of the campaign - Gramin and Urban, the government aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by October 2, 2019, the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • For that purpose, 12 million toilets are being constructed in rural India at a projected cost of Rs 1.96 lakh crore.
  • Over 50 crore people stopped defecating in the open since the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • The national sanitation coverage is now in excess of 98 percent, compared to 39 percent in 2014.
  • Over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.

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